NAS - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species

Specimen Information

Osmerus mordax
(Rainbow Smelt)
Native Transplant

Specimen ID33574
Common NameRainbow Smelt
LocalityLake Michigan
Mapping AccuracyApproximate
HUC8 NameLake Michigan
HUC8 Number4060200
Collection Year1923
Year AccuracyActual
Pathwaystocked for forage
Reference 1
Ref. Number:460
Author:Emery, L.
Title:Review of fish introduced into the Great Lakes, 1819-1974. Technical Report No. 45.
Publisher:Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Ann Arbor, MI.
Pages:31 pp
Reference 2
Ref. Number:275
Author:Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr.
Title:Atlas of North American Freshwater Fishes.
Publisher:North Carolina State Museum of Natural History
Pages:854 pp
CommentsThe 1912 stocking of smelt eggs in Crystal Lake, MI, which drains into Lake Michigan is credited with the establishment of the species in Lake Michigan and eventually the other lakes but Ontario. Origin of smelt in Lake Ontario is controversial.
Record TypeLiterature
Fresh Marine IntroFreshwater

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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2015]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [3/30/2015].

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