Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
42993 Report 2021Gulf & south Atlantic regional panel on aquatic invasive species minutes
42980 Report 2022AIS program update - GSARP June 2022 meeting 
31095 NewsAdvocate staff report2018Invasive snail found in Acadiana crawfish pond; pest also poses threat to rice plants
40920 Journal ArticleAlvarez, J.A., and B.J. Alvarez2022The current distribution and putative spread of the channeled apple snail in California 
24735 Journal ArticleBarnes, M.A., R.K. Fordham, R.L. Burks, and J.J. Hand2008Fecundity of the exotic applesnail, Pomacea insularum.
42432 Journal ArticleBarns, M.A., R.K. Fordham, R.L. Burks, J.J. Hand2008Fecundity of the exotic applesnail, Pomacea insularum
42309 Journal ArticleBarrus, N.T., D. Drumheller, M.I. Cook, and N. J. Dorn2023Life history responses of two co-occurring congeneric Apple Snails (Pomacea maculata and P. paludosa) to variation in water depth and metaphyton total phosphorus
27090 Journal ArticleBernatis, J.L., and G.L. Warren2014Effectiveness of a hand removal program for management of nonindigenous apple snails in an urban pond.
35309 DatabaseBishop Museum2002Hawaiian Freshwater & Terrestrial Mollusk Checklist
13575 Web PageBishop Museum.1997Listing of species known from aquatic environments (brackish/fresh water) in the Hawaiian Islands.
38496 ReportBonvechio, T.2014Gulf and South Atlantic Regional Panel Update (GSARP) for Georgia
9289 Journal ArticleBowler, P.A., and T.J. Frest1991The non-native snail fauna of the middle Snake River, southern Idaho.
32189 NewsBrennan, T. 2018Discovery of invasive snail species in Scottsdale waterway a cause for concern
29907 ReportBureau of Natural and Cultural Resources 2015Florida Park Service Resource Management Annual Report
38014 Journal ArticleBurks, R.L., C.H. Kyle, and M.K. Trawick2010Pink eggs and snails: field oviposition patterns of an invasive snail, Pomacea insularum, indicate a preference for an invasive macrophyte
42440 Journal ArticleCarter, J., J. Wilson, and S. Mopper2021Observations of acrobat ants (Crematogaster sp.) preying on the eggs of the invasive giant applesnail (Pomacea maculata)
30615 Journal ArticleCarter, J., S. Merino, D. Prejean, and G. LaFleur, Jr.2017Observations of raccoon (Procyon lotor) predation on the invasive Maculata apple snail (Pomacea maculata) in southern Louisiana.
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
40921 Journal ArticleCerutti, R.1998An infestation of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1804) in Lake Miramar, San Diego, California
42238 Journal ArticleConner, S.L., C.M. Pomory, and P.C. Darby2008Density effects of native and exotic snails on growth in juvenile apple snails Pomacea paludosa (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae): a laboratory experiment
35308 Journal ArticleCowie, R.H.1996New Records of Introduced Land and Freshwater Snails in the Hawaiian Islands
14816 Journal ArticleCowie, R.H.1998Patterns of introduction of non-indigenous non-marine snails and slugs in the Hawaiian Islands.
31946 Journal ArticleCowie, R.H., K.A. Hayes, C.T. Tran, and P. Levin2007Distribution of the invasive apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck) in the Hawaiian Islands (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae).
31948 Book ChapterCowie, R.H., K.A. Hayes, E.E. Strong, and S.C. Thiengo.2017Non-native apple snails: systematics, distribution, invasion history and reasons for introduction.
30025 Journal ArticleDavidson, A.T., and N.J. Dorn.2017Life history traits determine the differential vulnerability of native and invasive apple snails (Pomacea spp.) to a shared juvenile-stage predator
31116 Journal ArticleDeaton, L. E., W. Schmidt, B. Leblanc, J. Carter, K. Mueck, and S. Merino2016Physiology of the invasive apple snail Pomacea maculata: tolerance to low temperatures
689 ReportDevick, W.S.1991Disturbances and fluctuations in the Wahiawa Reservoir ecosystem. Project No. F-14-R-15, Job 4 Study I.
42290 Journal ArticleDorn, N.J., and M. Hafsadi2016Native crayfish consume more non-native than native apple snails
39247 Journal ArticleDrumheller, D., M. Cook, N. Dorn2022The role of direct chemical inhibition in the displacement of a native herbivore by an invasive congener
32125 NewsDudley, P.2018Apple Snails and their eggs spotted in Luling neighborhood
28234 DatabaseFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission2015Applesnail occurrences in Florida (Pomacea sp.), 1962-2015.
28791 DatabaseFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Invasive Plant Management Section.2017Annual aquatic plant survey 1982-2017
25897 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2013Florida Museum of Natural History invertebrate zoology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
34015 NewsGibbons, B.2020Snails, Tilapia, Scooters Pulled From Drained San Antonio River
32245 Journal ArticleGooding, E.L., A.E. Fowler, D. Knott, R.T Dillon, Jr., T. Brown, M.R. Kendrick, and P.R. Kingsley-Smith2018Life History and Phenological Characteristics of the Invasive Island Apple Snail Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810) in Stormwater Retention Ponds in Coastal South Carolina, USA
34753 OtherGooding, Elizabeth2020Pomacea maculata dataset 2019-10-23 to 2020-06-16
25114 Journal ArticleHayes, K.A., R.H. Cowie, S.C. Thiengo, and E.E. Strong2012Comparing apples with apples: clarifying the identities of two highly invasive Neotropical Ampullaridae (Caenogastropoda).
14060 BookHowells, R.G.2001History and status of applesnail (Pomacea spp.) introductions in Texas. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Management Data Series No. 183.
16348 Book ChapterHowells, R.G., L.F. Burlakova, A.Y. Karatayev, R.K. Marfurt, and R.L. Burks2006Native and introduced Ampullariidae in North America
35918 NewsKemker, A.2021Swollen bayous in Ascension Parish marked with signs of invasive Apple Snails
42982 ReportKingsley-Smith, P.2022South Carolina state report (SCDNR marine resources division)
28081 ReportKingsley-Smith, P., A. Fowler, E. Gooding, and D. Knott.2015SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute Report to GSARP.
19144 OtherKline, Jeffrey.2009Everglades National Park - Freshwater Aquatics Monitoring.
33064 Journal ArticleLach, L. and Cowie, R.H.1999The spread of the introduced freshwater apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck) (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae) on O‘ahu, Hawai‘i1
41369 DatabaseLouisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries2022Louisiana aquatic nuisance species records. Provided by R. Bourgeois (Aquatic Invasive Species coordinator)
29089 ReportLouisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries.2016Louisiana - Aquatic Invasive Species report to GSARP, April 2016
43219 Thesis or DissertationLucero, J.M.2021Regional expansion and evaluation of potential chemical control for invasive apple snails (Pomacea maculata) in Southwest Louisiana
1389 Conference ProceedingsMackie, G.L.1995Adaptations of North American exotic mollusca for life in regulated rivers and their potential impacts.
27003 Journal ArticleMartin, C.W., and J.F. Valentine2014Tolerance of embryos and hatchlings of the invasive apple snail Pomacea maculata to estuarine conditions.
31125 Journal ArticleMatsukura, K., Hayes, K. A., and R. H. Cowie2016Eleven microsatellite loci for two invasive freshwater apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata and P. maculata (Ampullariidae)
41577 DatabaseMcGarrity, M2023Applesnail Reports
37018 OtherMcGarrity, M.E.2021Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Applesnail Dataset
19695 Journal ArticleMorrison, W.E., and M.E. Hay2011Feeding and growth of native, invasive and non-invasive alien apple snails (Ampullariidae) in the United States: invasives eat more and grow more.
42317 Journal ArticleMueck, K., L.E. Deaton, A. Lee, and T.Guilbeaux2018Physiology of the apple snail Pomacea maculata: aestivation and overland dispersal
27858 DatabaseMuseum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory2010Northern Territory Museum and Art Gallery provider for OZCAM
29992 Journal ArticlePerez, K.E., V.G. Gamboa, C.M. Schneider, and R.L. Burks2017Resaca supports range expansion of invasive apple snails (Pomacea maculata Perry, 1810; Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae) to the Rio Grande Valley, Texas
16154 Journal ArticleRawlings, T.A., K.A. Hayes, R.H. Cowie, and T.M. Collins2007The identity, distribution, and impacts on non-native apple snails in the continental United States.
26874 Thesis or DissertationRobertson, S.M.2014Potential threats of the exotic apple snail Pomacea insularum to aquatic ecosystems in Georgia and Florida.
32610 NewsSayer, H.2019Winter Park’s Lakes Division and Keep Winter Park Beautiful worked together to clean up Lake Knowles
25970 DatabaseSmithsonian Institution2013National Museum of Natural History invertebrate zoology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
42858 DatabaseSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources Marine Resources Research Institute2023South Carolina DNR Invasive species reports Decemeber 2023
13100 BookStaples, G.W., and R.H. Cowie.2001Hawaii's Invasive Species.
33458 NewsTalarico, L.2019Invasive giant snails found in Katy community
27701 DatabaseTexas Invasive Plant and Pest Council.2018Texas Invasives Database
37909 DatabaseTexas Invasive Species Institute2021Apple Snail reports for March-September 2021
34881 DatabaseTexas Parks and Wildlife Department2020Pomacea maculata observations
39558 DatabaseTexas Parks and Wildlife Department2022Pomacea maculata reports for Dec 2022
42857 DatabaseTexas Parks and Wildlife Department2023Applesnail Reports 10 Nov 2022
33390 Journal ArticleTran, C.T., K.A., and R.H. Cowie.2008Lack of mitochondrial DNA diversity in invasive apple snails (Ampullaridae) in Hawaii.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
32800 Journal ArticleUnderwood, E.B., T.L. Darden, D.M. Knott, and P.R. Kinsley-Smith2019Determining the salinity tolerance of invasive island apple snail Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810) hatchlings to assess the invasion probability in estuarine habitats in South Carolina, USA
32802 Journal ArticleUnderwood, E.B., T.L. Darden, T.P. O'Donnell, and P.R. Kinsley-Smith2019Population genetic structure and diversity of the invasive island apple snail Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810) in South Carolina.
14089 Web PageUSDA-APHIS-PPQ-CPHST-NPAG.1998[unpublished data] NPAG data: Pomacea canaliculata, Golden apple snail.
33751 NewsWalsh, D.2019Apple snail round-up this Saturday
19675 DatabaseWalsh, S.2010Aquatic invasive species of Guam.
24723 ReportWilde, S., R. Haynie, S. Robertson, J. Byers, B. McDowell, and L. Pintor.2012Spread and ecological impacts of the invasive Island apple snail (Pomacea insularum).


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [7/12/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.