NAS Graphs and Charts: All Introduced Aquatic Species in the US



**Click on a graph to see the data**

The graph shows the cumulative number of species that have been introduced up until the last year listed.
up to present: 1322 species up to 2000: 1117 species up to 1950: 418 species up to 1900: 176 species up to present: 1322 species up to 2000: 1117 species up to 1950: 418 species up to 1900: 176 species Introduced Species in United States
This graph shows the percentage of species that are native transplants (native to a portion of the US but moved to a non-native area in the US) and exotic transplants (not native to the US).
Exotic to US: 674 species Exotic to US: 674 species Native Transplants: 590 species Native Transplants: 590 species Hybrid: 48 species Hybrid: 48 species Cryptogenic: 8 species Cryptogenic: 8 species Unknown: 4 species Unknown: 4 species Introduced Species in United States
This graph shows the proportion of species that have been introduced into the United States that belong to various taxonomic groups.
Fishes: 595 species Fishes: 595 species Plants: 246 species Plants: 246 species Marine Fishes: 139 species Marine Fishes: 139 species Amphibians-Frogs: 50 species Amphibians-Frogs: 50 species Reptiles-Turtles: 49 species Reptiles-Turtles: 49 species Mollusks-Gastropods: 42 species Mollusks-Gastropods: 42 species Crustaceans-Copepods: 31 species Crustaceans-Copepods: 31 species Crustaceans-Crayfish: 28 species Crustaceans-Crayfish: 28 species Mollusks-Bivalves: 28 species Mollusks-Bivalves: 28 species Amphibians-Salamanders: 17 species Amphibians-Salamanders: 17 species Crustaceans-Shrimp: 15 species Crustaceans-Shrimp: 15 species Reptiles-Snakes: 13 species Reptiles-Snakes: 13 species Crustaceans-Cladocerans: 9 species Crustaceans-Cladocerans: 9 species Crustaceans-Crabs: 9 species Crustaceans-Crabs: 9 species Crustaceans-Amphipods: 8 species Crustaceans-Amphipods: 8 species Reptiles-Crocodilians: 8 species Reptiles-Crocodilians: 8 species Mammals: 6 species Mammals: 6 species Crustaceans-Isopods: 4 species Crustaceans-Isopods: 4 species Bryozoans: 4 species Bryozoans: 4 species Coelenterates-Hydrozoans: 3 species Coelenterates-Hydrozoans: 3 species Algae: 3 species Algae: 3 species Crustaceans-Mysids: 3 species Crustaceans-Mysids: 3 species Mollusks-Cephalopods: 2 species Mollusks-Cephalopods: 2 species Rotifers: 2 species Rotifers: 2 species Reptiles-Lizards: 1 species Reptiles-Lizards: 1 species Platyhelminthes: 1 species Platyhelminthes: 1 species Entoprocts: 1 species Entoprocts: 1 species Crustaceans-Barnacles: 1 species Crustaceans-Barnacles: 1 species Amphibians-Caecilians: 1 species Amphibians-Caecilians: 1 species Coelenterates-Scyphozoan: 1 species Coelenterates-Scyphozoan: 1 species Annelids-Hirundinea: 1 species Annelids-Hirundinea: 1 species Annelids-Oligochaetes: 1 species Annelids-Oligochaetes: 1 species Groups Introduced into United States
Each category represents a combination of a species introduced via a pathway. A single species can be introduced by more than one pathway and may therefore be counted more than once.
unknown: 410 species unknown: 410 species stocked: 338 species stocked: 338 species aquarium release: 313 species aquarium release: 313 species hitch hiker: 253 species hitch hiker: 253 species bait release: 214 species bait release: 214 species dispersed: 202 species dispersed: 202 species canal: 124 species canal: 124 species aquaculture: 114 species aquaculture: 114 species shipping: 112 species shipping: 112 species pet release: 93 species pet release: 93 species released: 75 species released: 75 species planted: 75 species planted: 75 species escaped captivity: 75 species escaped captivity: 75 species hybridized: 19 species hybridized: 19 species released lab animals: 8 species released lab animals: 8 species other: 7 species other: 7 species Introduction Pathways
This graph shows the cumulative number of species introduced in 50-year increments. The bars are further divided to show those that are native transplants (native to a portion of the US but moved to a non-native area in the US) and exotic transplants (not native to the US).
up to present & Unknown: 4 species up to present & Cryptogenic: 8 species up to present & Hybrid: 48 species up to present & Exotic to US: 674 species up to present & Native Transplants: 590 species up to 2000 & Unknown: 4 species up to 2000 & Cryptogenic: 5 species up to 2000 & Hybrid: 39 species up to 2000 & Exotic to US: 537 species up to 2000 & Native Transplants: 533 species up to 1950 & Unknown: 0 species up to 1950 & Cryptogenic: 1 species up to 1950 & Hybrid: 3 species up to 1950 & Exotic to US: 172 species up to 1950 & Native Transplants: 243 species up to 1900 & Unknown: 0 species up to 1900 & Cryptogenic: 1 species up to 1900 & Hybrid: 1 species up to 1900 & Exotic to US: 79 species up to 1900 & Native Transplants: 95 species Native/Exotic Introductions over time
This analysis includes all species introduced into either freshwater or marine areas, including those that did not become established. Estuarine species are included as marine.
Freshwater: 1217 species Freshwater: 1217 species Marine: 167 species Marine: 167 species Brackish: 106 species Brackish: 106 species Marine Vs Freshwater Of Introduce times in United States
This graph is based on all taxa introduced into the region or states at any time. They include species that did not become established.
up to present & Marine: 106 species up to present & Brackish: 167 species up to present & Freshwater: 1217 species up to 2000 & Marine: 55 species up to 2000 & Brackish: 108 species up to 2000 & Freshwater: 1052 species up to 1950 & Marine: 10 species up to 1950 & Brackish: 22 species up to 1950 & Freshwater: 399 species up to 1900 & Marine: 3 species up to 1900 & Brackish: 5 species up to 1900 & Freshwater: 172 species Freshwater/Marine Introductions over time
This graph represents all species and all pathways and includes species that did not become established.
North America: 597 species North America: 597 species Asia: 182 species Asia: 182 species South America: 146 species South America: 146 species Eurasia: 83 species Eurasia: 83 species Indo-Pacific: 77 species Indo-Pacific: 77 species Africa: 60 species Africa: 60 species Europe: 32 species Europe: 32 species North and Central America: 31 species North and Central America: 31 species South and Central America: 29 species South and Central America: 29 species Central America: 21 species Central America: 21 species Australia: 19 species Australia: 19 species Unknown: 17 species Unknown: 17 species Caribbean: 10 species Caribbean: 10 species Europe and Africa: 10 species Europe and Africa: 10 species AustralAsia: 3 species AustralAsia: 3 species Northwest Pacific: 3 species Northwest Pacific: 3 species Pacific Ocean: 3 species Pacific Ocean: 3 species Southwest Pacific: 2 species Southwest Pacific: 2 species North and South America: 1 species North and South America: 1 species Asia and Africa: 1 species Asia and Africa: 1 species Origin of Introduced Species in United States

Disclaimer:

The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [12/3/2022].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.