NAS Graphs and Charts: All Introduced Aquatic Species in the US



**Click on a graph to see the data**

The graph shows the cumulative number of species that have been introduced up until the last year listed.
up to present: 1150 species up to 2000: 1011 species up to 1950: 338 species up to 1900: 140 species up to present: 1150 species up to 2000: 1011 species up to 1950: 338 species up to 1900: 140 species Introduced Species in United States
This graph shows the percentage of species that are native transplants (native to a portion of the US but moved to a non-native area in the US) and exotic transplants (not native to the US).
Native Transplants: 559 species Native Transplants: 559 species Exotic to US: 550 species Exotic to US: 550 species Hybrid: 36 species Hybrid: 36 species Unknown: 5 species Unknown: 5 species Cryptogenic: 1 species Cryptogenic: 1 species Introduced Species in United States
This graph shows the proportion of species that have been introduced into the United States that belong to various taxonomic groups.
Fishes: 699 species Fishes: 699 species Plants: 133 species Plants: 133 species Amphibians-Frogs: 50 species Amphibians-Frogs: 50 species Mollusks-Gastropods: 45 species Mollusks-Gastropods: 45 species Reptiles-Turtles: 45 species Reptiles-Turtles: 45 species Crustaceans-Crayfish: 31 species Crustaceans-Crayfish: 31 species Crustaceans-Copepods: 30 species Crustaceans-Copepods: 30 species Mollusks-Bivalves: 23 species Mollusks-Bivalves: 23 species Amphibians-Salamanders: 14 species Amphibians-Salamanders: 14 species Crustaceans-Shrimp: 13 species Crustaceans-Shrimp: 13 species Reptiles-Snakes: 12 species Reptiles-Snakes: 12 species Crustaceans-Cladocerans: 9 species Crustaceans-Cladocerans: 9 species Crustaceans-Amphipods: 8 species Crustaceans-Amphipods: 8 species Reptiles-Crocodilians: 7 species Reptiles-Crocodilians: 7 species Crustaceans-Crabs: 6 species Crustaceans-Crabs: 6 species Mammals: 6 species Mammals: 6 species Bryozoans: 4 species Bryozoans: 4 species Coelenterates-Hydrozoans: 3 species Coelenterates-Hydrozoans: 3 species Crustaceans-Isopods: 3 species Crustaceans-Isopods: 3 species Crustaceans-Mysids: 3 species Crustaceans-Mysids: 3 species Mollusks-Cephalopods: 2 species Mollusks-Cephalopods: 2 species Entoprocts: 1 species Entoprocts: 1 species Annelids-Oligochaetes: 1 species Annelids-Oligochaetes: 1 species Reptiles-Lizards: 1 species Reptiles-Lizards: 1 species Rotifers: 1 species Rotifers: 1 species Groups Introduced into United States
Each category represents a combination of a species introduced via a pathway. A single species can be introduced by more than one pathway and may therefore be counted more than once.
unknown: 359 species unknown: 359 species stocked: 327 species stocked: 327 species aquarium release: 254 species aquarium release: 254 species bait release: 192 species bait release: 192 species hitch hiker: 189 species hitch hiker: 189 species canal: 109 species canal: 109 species aquaculture: 99 species aquaculture: 99 species shipping: 93 species shipping: 93 species pet release: 85 species pet release: 85 species dispersed: 83 species dispersed: 83 species released: 46 species released: 46 species escaped captivity: 37 species escaped captivity: 37 species planted: 32 species planted: 32 species hybridized: 13 species hybridized: 13 species released lab animals: 8 species released lab animals: 8 species other: 7 species other: 7 species released food fish: 3 species released food fish: 3 species Introduction Pathways
This graph shows the cumulative number of species introduced in 50-year increments. The bars are further divided to show those that are native transplants (native to a portion of the US but moved to a non-native area in the US) and exotic transplants (not native to the US).
up to present & Unknown: 5 species up to present & Cryptogenic: 1 species up to present & Hybrid: 36 species up to present & Exotic to US: 550 species up to present & Native Transplants: 559 species up to 2000 & Unknown: 3 species up to 2000 & Cryptogenic: 1 species up to 2000 & Hybrid: 31 species up to 2000 & Exotic to US: 453 species up to 2000 & Native Transplants: 524 species up to 1950 & Unknown: 0 species up to 1950 & Cryptogenic: 0 species up to 1950 & Hybrid: 2 species up to 1950 & Exotic to US: 116 species up to 1950 & Native Transplants: 220 species up to 1900 & Unknown: 0 species up to 1900 & Cryptogenic: 0 species up to 1900 & Hybrid: 0 species up to 1900 & Exotic to US: 52 species up to 1900 & Native Transplants: 88 species Native/Exotic Introductions over time
This analysis includes all species introduced into either freshwater or marine areas, including those that did not become established. Estuarine species are included as marine.
Freshwater: 1074 species Freshwater: 1074 species Marine: 141 species Marine: 141 species Brackish: 69 species Brackish: 69 species Marine Vs Freshwater Of Introduce times in United States
This graph is based on all taxa introduced into the region or states at any time. They include species that did not become established.
up to present & Marine: 69 species up to present & Brackish: 141 species up to present & Freshwater: 1074 species up to 2000 & Marine: 42 species up to 2000 & Brackish: 99 species up to 2000 & Freshwater: 960 species up to 1950 & Marine: 6 species up to 1950 & Brackish: 18 species up to 1950 & Freshwater: 328 species up to 1900 & Marine: 3 species up to 1900 & Brackish: 4 species up to 1900 & Freshwater: 137 species Freshwater/Marine Introductions over time
This graph represents all species and all pathways and includes species that did not become established.
North America: 568 species North America: 568 species Asia: 151 species Asia: 151 species South America: 147 species South America: 147 species Indo-Pacific: 68 species Indo-Pacific: 68 species Africa: 50 species Africa: 50 species Eurasia: 47 species Eurasia: 47 species Europe: 27 species Europe: 27 species South and Central America: 18 species South and Central America: 18 species North and Central America: 14 species North and Central America: 14 species Central America: 13 species Central America: 13 species Australia: 12 species Australia: 12 species Unknown: 11 species Unknown: 11 species Caribbean: 10 species Caribbean: 10 species Europe and Africa: 3 species Europe and Africa: 3 species AustralAsia: 3 species AustralAsia: 3 species Southwest Pacific: 3 species Southwest Pacific: 3 species North and South America: 2 species North and South America: 2 species Northwest Pacific: 2 species Northwest Pacific: 2 species Asia and Africa: 2 species Asia and Africa: 2 species Pacific Ocean: 1 species Pacific Ocean: 1 species Origin of Introduced Species in United States

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Page Contact Information: Pam Fuller - NAS Program (pfuller@usgs.gov)
Page Last Modified: Monday, June 18, 2012

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The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2016]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [12/5/2016].

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