NAS Graphs and Charts: All Introduced Aquatic Species in the US



**Click on a graph to see the data**

The graph shows the cumulative number of species that have been introduced up until the last year listed.
up to present: 1280 species up to 2000: 1097 species up to 1950: 405 species up to 1900: 166 species up to present: 1280 species up to 2000: 1097 species up to 1950: 405 species up to 1900: 166 species Introduced Species in United States
This graph shows the percentage of species that are native transplants (native to a portion of the US but moved to a non-native area in the US) and exotic transplants (not native to the US).
Exotic to US: 644 species Exotic to US: 644 species Native Transplants: 585 species Native Transplants: 585 species Hybrid: 45 species Hybrid: 45 species Cryptogenic: 5 species Cryptogenic: 5 species Unknown: 3 species Unknown: 3 species Introduced Species in United States
This graph shows the proportion of species that have been introduced into the United States that belong to various taxonomic groups.
Fishes: 588 species Fishes: 588 species Plants: 228 species Plants: 228 species Marine Fishes: 139 species Marine Fishes: 139 species Amphibians-Frogs: 50 species Amphibians-Frogs: 50 species Reptiles-Turtles: 45 species Reptiles-Turtles: 45 species Mollusks-Gastropods: 40 species Mollusks-Gastropods: 40 species Crustaceans-Copepods: 30 species Crustaceans-Copepods: 30 species Crustaceans-Crayfish: 28 species Crustaceans-Crayfish: 28 species Mollusks-Bivalves: 27 species Mollusks-Bivalves: 27 species Crustaceans-Shrimp: 15 species Crustaceans-Shrimp: 15 species Amphibians-Salamanders: 15 species Amphibians-Salamanders: 15 species Reptiles-Snakes: 12 species Reptiles-Snakes: 12 species Crustaceans-Cladocerans: 9 species Crustaceans-Cladocerans: 9 species Crustaceans-Amphipods: 8 species Crustaceans-Amphipods: 8 species Crustaceans-Crabs: 8 species Crustaceans-Crabs: 8 species Reptiles-Crocodilians: 7 species Reptiles-Crocodilians: 7 species Mammals: 6 species Mammals: 6 species Crustaceans-Isopods: 4 species Crustaceans-Isopods: 4 species Bryozoans: 4 species Bryozoans: 4 species Coelenterates-Hydrozoans: 3 species Coelenterates-Hydrozoans: 3 species Crustaceans-Mysids: 3 species Crustaceans-Mysids: 3 species Mollusks-Cephalopods: 2 species Mollusks-Cephalopods: 2 species Rotifers: 2 species Rotifers: 2 species Reptiles-Lizards: 1 species Reptiles-Lizards: 1 species Platyhelminthes: 1 species Platyhelminthes: 1 species Entoprocts: 1 species Entoprocts: 1 species Coelenterates-Scyphozoan: 1 species Coelenterates-Scyphozoan: 1 species Crustaceans-Barnacles: 1 species Crustaceans-Barnacles: 1 species Annelids-Hirundinea: 1 species Annelids-Hirundinea: 1 species Annelids-Oligochaetes: 1 species Annelids-Oligochaetes: 1 species Groups Introduced into United States
Each category represents a combination of a species introduced via a pathway. A single species can be introduced by more than one pathway and may therefore be counted more than once.
unknown: 402 species unknown: 402 species stocked: 335 species stocked: 335 species aquarium release: 310 species aquarium release: 310 species hitch hiker: 248 species hitch hiker: 248 species bait release: 222 species bait release: 222 species dispersed: 179 species dispersed: 179 species canal: 122 species canal: 122 species aquaculture: 115 species aquaculture: 115 species shipping: 113 species shipping: 113 species pet release: 91 species pet release: 91 species escaped captivity: 79 species escaped captivity: 79 species released: 68 species released: 68 species planted: 66 species planted: 66 species hybridized: 17 species hybridized: 17 species released lab animals: 8 species released lab animals: 8 species other: 7 species other: 7 species accidental: 4 species accidental: 4 species Introduction Pathways
This graph shows the cumulative number of species introduced in 50-year increments. The bars are further divided to show those that are native transplants (native to a portion of the US but moved to a non-native area in the US) and exotic transplants (not native to the US).
up to present & Unknown: 3 species up to present & Cryptogenic: 5 species up to present & Hybrid: 45 species up to present & Exotic to US: 644 species up to present & Native Transplants: 585 species up to 2000 & Unknown: 3 species up to 2000 & Cryptogenic: 3 species up to 2000 & Hybrid: 39 species up to 2000 & Exotic to US: 517 species up to 2000 & Native Transplants: 536 species up to 1950 & Unknown: 0 species up to 1950 & Cryptogenic: 1 species up to 1950 & Hybrid: 3 species up to 1950 & Exotic to US: 162 species up to 1950 & Native Transplants: 240 species up to 1900 & Unknown: 0 species up to 1900 & Cryptogenic: 1 species up to 1900 & Hybrid: 1 species up to 1900 & Exotic to US: 71 species up to 1900 & Native Transplants: 93 species Native/Exotic Introductions over time
This analysis includes all species introduced into either freshwater or marine areas, including those that did not become established. Estuarine species are included as marine.
Freshwater: 1184 species Freshwater: 1184 species Marine: 165 species Marine: 165 species Brackish: 104 species Brackish: 104 species Marine Vs Freshwater Of Introduce times in United States
This graph is based on all taxa introduced into the region or states at any time. They include species that did not become established.
up to present & Marine: 104 species up to present & Brackish: 165 species up to present & Freshwater: 1184 species up to 2000 & Marine: 55 species up to 2000 & Brackish: 106 species up to 2000 & Freshwater: 1039 species up to 1950 & Marine: 10 species up to 1950 & Brackish: 22 species up to 1950 & Freshwater: 388 species up to 1900 & Marine: 3 species up to 1900 & Brackish: 5 species up to 1900 & Freshwater: 163 species Freshwater/Marine Introductions over time
This graph represents all species and all pathways and includes species that did not become established.
North America: 591 species North America: 591 species Asia: 174 species Asia: 174 species South America: 143 species South America: 143 species Eurasia: 82 species Eurasia: 82 species Indo-Pacific: 76 species Indo-Pacific: 76 species Africa: 57 species Africa: 57 species North and Central America: 30 species North and Central America: 30 species Europe: 29 species Europe: 29 species South and Central America: 28 species South and Central America: 28 species Central America: 19 species Central America: 19 species Australia: 15 species Australia: 15 species Unknown: 12 species Unknown: 12 species Caribbean: 9 species Caribbean: 9 species Europe and Africa: 6 species Europe and Africa: 6 species AustralAsia: 3 species AustralAsia: 3 species Northwest Pacific: 3 species Northwest Pacific: 3 species Pacific Ocean: 3 species Pacific Ocean: 3 species Southwest Pacific: 2 species Southwest Pacific: 2 species Asia and Africa: 2 species Asia and Africa: 2 species North and South America: 1 species North and South America: 1 species Origin of Introduced Species in United States

Disclaimer:

The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2021]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/21/2021].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.