Common name: brackish river prawn
Synonyms and Other Names: Palaemon africanus Kingsley, 1892
available through www.itis.gov
Size: Maximum total length 78 mm (Holthuis, 1980)
Native Range: Eastern Atlantic: West Africa from Senegal to North Angola (Holthuis, 1980)
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Macrobrachium macrobrachion are found here.
Table last updated 12/9/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Ecology: Fresh and brackish water (Holthuis, 1980).
Means of Introduction: Released by aquaculturists experimenting with this prawn.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Holthuis, L. B. 1980. FAO species catalogue. Vol.1. Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annonated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO Fisheries Synopsis (125) Vol. 1:271 p. [ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/ac477e/ac477e16.pdf]
Revision Date: 11/30/2006
Benson, A.J., 2023, Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=1205, Revision Date: 11/30/2006, Access Date: 12/9/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.