Acanthurus sohal
Acanthurus sohal
(Red Sea surgeonfish)
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Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)

Common name: Red Sea surgeonfish

Synonyms and Other Names: Sohal surgeonfish

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Slightly compressed body shape with well-defined lunate caudal fin.  Pale grey in body color gradually turning whitish ventrally.  Narrow blackish stripes on head above the eye.  Orange patch beneath pectoral fins and around the sheath and socket of caudal spine.  Pelvic and median fins are blackish with blue outline.  Dorsal fin IX (30-31), anal fin III (28-29), pectoral fin (17).  From Randall (1983).

Similar species:  No Atlantic surgeonfish is known to have stripes on the body.  However, faint body lines can be seen on the blue tang (Acanthurus coeruleus), which has a solid blue body and yellow scalpel.

Native Range: Western Indian Ocean including the Red Sea to the Persian Gulf (Randall 1983). 
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Puerto Rico &
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Guam Saipan
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: In Florida, a single individual was observed off Pompano Beach in 2002 (REEF 2008).

Ecology: The preferred habitat of the Sohal surgeonfish is the outer edge of reef flats that are exposed to surge (Randall 1983).  The species grazes on Sargassum and filamentous green algae (Vine 1974; Lieske and Myers 1994).  It is known to be a very aggressive territorial species (Alwany et al. 2005).

Means of Introduction: Probable aquarium release.

Status: Reported from Florida.

Impact of Introduction: Unknown.

References: (click for full references)

Alwany, M., E. Thaler, and M. Stachowitsch.  2005.  Territorial behaviour of Acanthurus sohal and Plectroglyphidodon leucozona on the fringing Egyptian Red Sea reefs.  Environmental Biology of Fishes 72: 321-334.

Lieske, E. and R. Myers.  1994.  Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers.

Randall, J. E.  1983.  Red Sea Fishes.  IMMEL Publishing, London.

Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF).  2008.  Exotic species sighting program and volunteer database. World Wide Web electronic publication., date of download 10. Mar. 08.

Vine, P. J.  1974.  Effects of algal grazing and aggressive behaviour of the fishes Pomacentrus lividus and Acanthurus sohal on coral-reef ecology.  Marine Biology 24: 131-136

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: James A. Morris, Jr., and Pamela J. Schofield

Revision Date: 6/15/2009

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
James A. Morris, Jr., and Pamela J. Schofield, 2018, Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL,, Revision Date: 6/15/2009, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 1/22/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [1/22/2018].

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