Common name: leopard pleco
Synonyms and Other Names: Ancistrus gibbiceps, Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps.
available through www.itis.gov
Size: 50.0 cm TL (Fishbase 2007).
Native Range: South America: Middle and upper Amazon and Orinoco basins (Froese and Pauly, 2012).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps are found here.
Table last updated 10/4/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Ecology: The Leopard Pleco can be found in tropical freshwaters from 23–27 °C (Froese and Pauly, 2012). The Leopard Pleco is nocturnal. It feeds on algae (Ferraris 2007), although it will also feed on dead animals. Egg rearing is also presumed to take place in burrows dug into mud banks, similar to many related species.
Means of Introduction: Aquarium release.
Status: Reported from Puerto Rico.
Impact of Introduction: Unknown, but probably similar to Pterygoplichthys spp. (a synonym of the genus).
References: (click for full references)
Burgess, W.E. 1989. An atlas of freshwater and marine catfishes: a preliminary survey of the Siluriformes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc, Neptune City, New Jersey. 784 pp.
Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa 1418:1-628.
Froese, R. and D. Pauly (eds). 2012. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. Available from: http://www.fishbase.org. Version (08/2012).
Grana, F. - Puerto Rico Department of Natural & Environmental Resources, San Juan, PR
Revision Date: 8/7/2013
Peer Review Date: 8/7/2013
Fuller, P., 2023, Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps (Kner, 1854): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=2637, Revision Date: 8/7/2013, Peer Review Date: 8/7/2013, Access Date: 10/4/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.