Paracyclops bromeliacola
(a copepod)
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Paracyclops bromeliacola

Common name: a copepod

Size: Less than 1 mm in length.

Native Range: Brazil, South America (Karaytug and Boxshall, 1998).

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Nonindigenous Occurrences: Several dozen specimens were collected from the leaf cup of a bromeliad plant in 2005 at Key Colony Beach on Shelter Key in Florida (Reid and Hribar, 2006).

Ecology: This copepod is found in freshwater to oligohaline lakes, streams, and wetlands (Hribar and Reid, 2008).

Reproduction is sexual with 6 nauplius and 5 copepodid stages to adulthood, females can carry several egg sacs containing 8–36 eggs total, generation time is about 3–4 weeks, and continuous reproduction is year round (Karaytug and Boxshall, 1998).

Means of Introduction: The origins are unknown but it is highly likely it came to the United States through the ornamental plant trade (Hribar and Reid, 2008).

Status: Unknown.

Impact of Introduction: Unknown.

Remarks: Paracyclops species have been experimentally injected with microsporidian parasites of mosquitos as a possible biocontrol (Micieli et al. 2000). The leaf cups of bromeliads can provide an unusual microhabitat (Karaytug and Boxshall, 1998).

References: (click for full references)

Hribar, L.J., and Reid, J.W., 2008, New records of copepods (Crustacea) from the Florida Keys: Southeastern Naturalist, v. 7, no. 2, p. 219—228.

Karaytug, S., and Boxshall, G.A. 1998. Partial revision of Paracyclops Claus, 1893 (Copepoda, Cyclopoida, Cyclopidae) with descriptions of four new species. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum of London (Zoology) 64:111—205.

Micieli, M.V., Garcia, J.J., and Becnel, J.J., 2000, Life cycle and description of Amblyospora camposi n. sp. (Microsproidia: Amblyosporidae) in the mosquito Culex renatoi (Diptera, Cluicidae) and copepod Paracyclops fimbriatus fimbriatus (Copepoda, Cyclopidae): Journal of Eukaryot Microbiology, v. 47, no. 6, p. 575-580.

Reid, J.W., and Hribar, L.J. 2006. Records of some Copepoda (Crustacea) from the Florida Keys. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia 155:1—7.

Author: Benson, A.J.

Revision Date: 8/1/2013

Citation Information:
Benson, A.J., 2018, Paracyclops bromeliacola: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL,, Revision Date: 8/1/2013, Access Date: 2/22/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [2/22/2018].

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