Common name: Lowland Cichlid
Synonyms and Other Names: Parapetenia cyanostigma Hérnandez-Rolón 1990; Pearlscale Cichlid, mojarra tampiqueña
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Similar to Rio Grande Cichlid (H. cyanoguttatus), but differs slightly in morphology and coloration (summarized by Oldfield et al. 2021). Lowland Cichlid has an oblique mouth with a lower jaw that projects slightly past the upper (vs. horizontal mouth with lower jaw equal to upper in Rio Grande Cichlid), a rounded ventral profile (vs. flat profile in Rio Grande), larger diameter iridescent spots on the flanks (mean size ≥ 1.5 mm vs. mean size ≤ 1.0 mm in Rio Grande), and black ventral color in breeding individuals extending forward to the mouth (vs. not extending to the mouth in Rio Grande)
Size: 17 cm standard length (Miller et al. 2005)
Native Range: Atlantic slope of Mexico; lowland areas from Río Soto la Marina to Río Pánuco (Miller et al. 2005)
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
A single specimen was reported from a retention pond in a residential area in Cocoa Beach, Florida in 2014 (C. Surprenant, personal communication). Subsequent electrofishing yielded three additional specimens in 2015 (K. Gestring, personal communication). Multiple specimens were collected from canals and waterbodies around New Orleans, Louisiana in 2012 and 2013 (Oldfield et al. 2021).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Herichthys carpintis are found here.
Table last updated 2/27/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Likely aquarium release.
Status: Likely extirpated or eradicated in Florida. Schofield et al (2018) sampled repeatedly in 2016 finding no additional specimens, and no further reports of this species have been documented.
Established in Louisiana, previously being misidentified as H. cyanoguttatus (Oldfield et al. (2021).
Impact of Introduction: Unknown.
References: (click for full references)
Liew, J.H., H.H. Tan, and D.C.J. Yeo. 2012. Some cichlid fishes recorded in Singapore. Nature in Singapore 5:229-236. http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nis/bulletin2012/2012nis229-236.pdf
Miller, R.R., W.L. Minckley, and S.M. Norris. 2005. Freshwater fishes of Mexico. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
Oldfield, R.O., A. Kakuturu, W.I. Lutterschmidt, O.T. Lorenz, A.E. Cohen, and D.A. Hendrickson. 2021. Live color patterns diagnose species: a tale of two Herichthys. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 209(1):1-18. https://doi.org/10.7302/916
Schofield, P.J., W.F. Loftus, and K.M. Reaver. 2018. Non-native fishes of the central Indian River Lagoon. Florida Scientist 81(1):12-24.
Revision Date: 6/24/2021
Peer Review Date: 7/2/2015
Neilson, M.E., 2023, Herichthys carpintis (Jordan and Snyder, 1899): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=2939, Revision Date: 6/24/2021, Peer Review Date: 7/2/2015, Access Date: 3/24/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.