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The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.




Albula vulpes
(Bonefish)
Fishes
Native Transplant
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Copyright Info
Albula vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common name: Bonefish

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Miller and Lea (1972); Eschmeyer et al. (1983). Maximum size: 46 cm in eastern Pacific; 91 cm elsewhere in range (Eschmeyer et al. 1983). May actually be several different species (Nelson 1994). Maximum size: 46 cm in eastern Pacific; over 91 cm elsewhere (Eschmeyer et al. 1983).

Size: 46 cm in eastern Pacific; over 91 cm elsewhere (Eschmeyer et al. 1983).

Native Range: Marine; worldwide in tropical waters of the Atlantic and Pacific (Robins and Ray 1986). In the Pacific, San Francisco to Peru, uncommon north of Baja (Eschmeyer et al. 1983). In the western Atlantic, New Brunswick and Bermuda to southern Brazil; rare north of Florida and the Bahamas (Robins and Ray 1986).

US auto-generated map Legend USGS Logo
Alaska auto-generated map
Alaska
Hawaii auto-generated map
Hawaii
Caribbean auto-generated map
Puerto Rico &
Virgin Islands
Guam auto-generated map
Guam Saipan
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Albula vulpes are found here.

StateYear of earliest observationYear of last observationTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
California195019511Salton Sea

Table last updated 5/25/2018

† Populations may not be currently present.


Means of Introduction: Intentionally stocked as a sport fish. This species was stocked twice; 29 fish were stocked in 1950, and 48 fish in 1951. Stock was obtained from San Felipe, Mexico (Walker 1961).

Status: The introduction failed to produce a viable population and the species is extirpated in the Salton Sea.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: None.

References: (click for full references)

Dill, W. A., and A. J. Cordone. 1997. History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871--1996. Manuscript for Fish Bulletin of the California Department of Fish and Game 178.

Eschmeyer, W. N., E. S. Herald, and H. Hamann. 1983. A field guide to Pacific Coast fishes of North America. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA.

Miller, D. J., and R. N. Lea. 1972. Guide to the coastal marine fishes of California. Fish Bulletin of the California Department of Fish and Game 157:1--235.

Nelson, J. S. 1994. Fishes of the world, 3rd edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

Robins, C. R., and G. C. Ray. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic Coast fishes of North America. The Peterson Guide Series, volume 32. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Walker, B. W., R. R. Whitney, and G. W. Barlow. 1961. Fishes of the Salton Sea. Pages 77--92 in B. W. Walker, editor. The ecology of the Salton Sea, California, in relation to the sport fishery of California. Fish Bulletin of the California Department of Fish and Game 113.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 3/6/2011

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2018, Albula vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=303, Revision Date: 3/6/2011, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 8/20/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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URL: https://nas.er.usgs.gov
Page Contact Information: Pam Fuller - NAS Program (pfuller@usgs.gov)
Page Last Modified: Tuesday, August 07, 2018

Disclaimer:

The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [8/20/2018].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Pam Fuller. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.