The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Membras martinica
Membras martinica
(Rough Silverside)
Marine Fishes
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Membras martinica (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835)

Common name: Rough Silverside

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Smith (1985); Robins and Ray (1986); Hubbs et al. (1991); Menhinick (1991).

Size: 12.5 cm.

Native Range: Marine; eastern North America along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts from New York to northern Mexico (Robins and Ray 1986).

Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Membras martinica are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
TX195520088Amistad Reservoir; East Galveston Bay; International Falcon Reservoir; Lake Texoma; Lower Sulpher; Red-Washita; San Gabriel; Upper Guadalupe

Table last updated 6/25/2024

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Intentionally stocked as forage for sport fish in the three reservoirs mentioned above; uncertain about its occurrence in the Brazos River, as well as, the Red River and nearby counties. Possibly bait release.

Status: Established in all localities except the the Brazos River, where the status is unknown.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

References: (click for full references)

Hubbs, C., R.J. Edwards, and G.P. Garrett. 1991. An annotated checklist of freshwater fishes of Texas, with keys to identification of species. The Texas Journal of Science, Suppl. 43(4):  1-56.

Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 227 pp.

Red River Authority of Texas. 2001. Red and Canadian Basins Fish Inventory: Red River County.

Robins, C.R., and G.C. Ray. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. The Peterson Guide Series, vol. 32. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA.

Smith, C.L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

Thomas, C., T.H. Bonner, and B.G. Whiteside. 2007. Freshwater Fishes of Texas. 202 pp.

Thomas, C., T.H. Bonner, and B.G. Whiteside. 2011. Texas freshwater fish: Brazos drainage. http://www.bio.txstate.edu/tbonner/txfishes/Brazos.htm.

Other Resources:
Texas Freshwater Fishes - Texas State University San Marcos

FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 2/17/2020

Peer Review Date: 12/29/2011

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2024, Membras martinica (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=320, Revision Date: 2/17/2020, Peer Review Date: 12/29/2011, Access Date: 6/25/2024

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/25/2024].

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