Common name: Blacktip Jumprock
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994). The genus Moxostoma was revised by Smith (1992), and Scartomyzon, a subgenus of Moxostoma, was elevated to genus. However, Harris et al. 2002 suggest that Scartomyzon is not a distinct lineage and its species are within the Moxostoma lineage (Nelson et al., 2004).
Size: 19 cm.
Native Range: Atlantic Slope drainages from Chowan River, Virginia, to Neuse River, North Carolina (Page and Burr 1991; Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Moxostoma cervinum are found here.
Table last updated 9/30/2019
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: The population in the New drainage is thought to be a result of bait bucket introduction from the Roanoke or James drainages. This population was originally thought to have reached Craig Creek by stream capture, but more recent records of collections above and below the creek suggest human introduction (Lee et al. 1980 et seq.). Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) give evidence for introduced status, but suggest no means of introduction for the Craig Creek population.
Status: Established in Virginia.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Harris, P. M., R. L. Mayden, H. S. Espinosa-Perez and F. Garcia de Leon. 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Moxostoma
(Catostomidae) based on mitochondrial cytochrome b
sequence data. Journal of Fish Biology. 61(6): 1433-1452.
Hocutt, C. H., R. E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the central Appalachians and central Atlantic Coastal Plain. Pages 161--212 in C. H. Hocutt, and E. O. Wiley, editors. The Zoogeography of North American Freshwater Fishes. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.
Jenkins, R. E., and N. M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980 et seq. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.
Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States, Canada and Mexico, Sixth Edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 29. Bethesda, MD.
Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Smith, G. R. 1992. Phylogeny and biogeography of the Catostomidae, freshwater fishes of North America and Asia. Pages 778-826 in R. L. Mayden, editor. Systematics, historical ecology, and North American freshwater fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.
Revision Date: 10/8/2008
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Fuller, P., 2019, Moxostoma cervinum (Cope, 1868): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=367, Revision Date: 10/8/2008, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 10/20/2019
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.