Archoplites interruptus
Archoplites interruptus
(Sacramento Perch)
Native Transplant
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Archoplites interruptus (Girard, 1854)

Common name: Sacramento Perch

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Moyle (1976a); Sigler and Sigler (1987); Page and Burr (1991).

Size: 73 cm.

Native Range: Sacramento--San Joaquin, Pajaro, and Salinas River drainages, and Clear Lake in Lake County, California (Moyle 1976a; Page and Burr 1991).

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Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: This species has been introduced to a borrow pit in Maricopa County, Arizona (McCarraher and Gregory 1970; Minckley 1973); Clear Lake Reservoir in Modoc County, West Valley Reservoir, Point Reyes National Seashore and Golden Gate National Recreation Area in Marin County, San Luis Reservoir, Virginia Ranch Reservoir in Yuba County, Pit River drainage, Blue Lake in Lake County, Lake Almanor in Plumas County, Russian River, Crowley Lake in Inyo County, and Owens Lake, California (McCarraher and Gregory 1970; Moyle 1976a; Moyle and Daniels 1982; Tilmant 1999; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1993); lakes near Ft. Collins in the Cache la Poudre drainage, Banner Lakes, Newell Lake in northwest Weld County, Nee Granda (= Neegronda) Reservoir, and the South Platte Drainage, Colorado (McCarraher and Gregory 1970; Everhart and Seaman 1971; Moyle 1976a; Rasmussen 1998); the Sand Hill lakes in Nebraska (McCarraher and Gregory 1970, Morris et al. 1974; Moyle 1976a) and Clear Lake in Brown County (Nebraska Game and Parks Commission); Rye Patch Reservoir, Washoe Lake, Pyramid Lake, Lahontan Reservoir, Walker Lake, Steptoe and Spring valleys (Bassett and Little Meadow lakes), Indian Lakes, Truckee Meadows, Stillwater Marsh, and the Carson Desert, Nevada (Smith 1896; Miller and Alcorn 1946; La Rivers 1962; McCarraher and Gregory 1970; Moyle 1976a; Vigg and Kucera 1981; Deacon and Williams 1984; Sigler and Sigler 1987; Vinyard 2001); Round Lake and Lake George (Apple drainage), North Dakota (McCarraher and Gregory 1970; Moyle 1976a); Lazy Lagoon, Mirror, and Lea lakes, New Mexico (McCarraher and Gregory 1970; Sublette et al. 1990); Klamath Lake drainage (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1993; Bond 1994; Li, personal communication), Wilson and Malone Reservoirs on the Lost River (Anonymous 2001) Oregon ; White Lake, South Dakota (McCarraher and Gregory 1970; Moyle 1976a); Hamlin Lake (South Lake), Texas (McCarraher and Gregory 1970); and Cutler Reservoir, and Garrison Lake (Pruess) Reservoir, Utah (La Rivers 1962; Sigler and Miller 1963; McCarraher and Gregory 1970; Moyle 1976a; Sigler and Sigler 1987). McCarraher and Gregory (1970) gave an account of introductions prior to 1970.

Means of Introduction: Intentional stocking for sportfishing. The earliest introduction of Sacramento Perch took place circa 1877, into western Nevada (McCarraher and Gregory 1970). Nebraska, North Dakota, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona were all stocked in the 1960s (McCarraher and Gregory 1970). Sacramento Perch were discovered in Crowley Lake, California in the late 1960s, but the exact date and reason for the introduction is not known (McCarraher and Gregory 1970).

Status: According to McCarraher and Gregory (1970), survival has been poor in most states. Small numbers still persist in private lakes near Fort Collins, Colorado (Walker 1993). No longer present in Walker Lake, Nevada (Sigler and Sigler 1987). Probably extirpated in Arizona. It was known to have reproduced at least once in that state after its introduction in 1968 (Minckley 1973). Extirpated in New Mexico (Sublette et al. 1990).

Impact of Introduction: Introduced Sacramento Perch, along with many other introduced fishes, may have contributed to the decline of the Lost River sucker Deltistes luxatus and the shortnose sucker Chasmistes brevirostris in the upper Klamath drainage in Oregon (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1993).

Remarks: This is the only native centrarchid west of the Rockies. It is declining in its native range due to competition with introduced species (Moore 1968; McCarraher and Gregory 1970; Minckley 1973).

References: (click for full references)

Anonymous 2001. Oregon's Warm Water Fishing with Public Access. [online]. URL at

Rasmussen, J.L. 1998. Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin. 60th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Aquatic Nuisance Species Symposium, Dec. 7, 1998, Cincinnati, OH.

Tilmant, J. T. 1999. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. National Park Service. 50 pp.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1993. Lost River (Deltistes luxatus) and shortnose (Chamistes brevirostris) sucker recovery plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 4/11/2006

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2018, Archoplites interruptus (Girard, 1854): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL,, Revision Date: 4/11/2006, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 1/22/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [1/22/2018].

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