Common name: blue-eyed cichlid
Synonyms and Other Names: Cutter's cichlid
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Synonyms or other names include Cichlasoma spilurus and C. cutteri. The species is included in keys of Greenfield and Thomerson (1997). A few distinguishing characteristics were given in Sterba (1973) and in Conkel (1993). Photographs were provided by Konings (1989) and by Conkel (1993).
Size: 11 cm SL.
Native Range: Tropical America. Atlantic Slope drainages of Middle America (Conkel 1993); from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, throughout Belize, south to Panama (Greenfield and Thomerson 1997).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Cichlasoma spilurum are found here.
Table last updated 9/17/2021
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Aquarium escape; considered an accidental introduction (Devick 1991a, b).
Status: Established in Hawaii since about 1984 (Devick 1991a, b).
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Conkel, D. 1993. Cichlids of North and Central America. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Devick, W. S. 1991a. Disturbances and fluctuations in the Wahiawa Reservoir ecosystem. Project F-14-R-15, Job 4, Study I. Division of Aquatic Resources, Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources. 21 pp.
Devick, W. S. 1991b. Patterns of introductions of aquatic organisms to Hawaiian freshwater habitats. Pages 189-213 in new directions in research, management and conservation of Hawaiian freshwater stream ecosystems. Proceedings of the 1990 symposium on freshwater stream biology and fisheries management, Division of Aquatic Resources, Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources.
Konings, A. 1989. Cichlids from Central America. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Sterba, G. 1973. Freshwater fishes of the world. English translation and revision from German. Two volumes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Revision Date: 8/6/2018
Peer Review Date: 6/7/1999
Nico, L., 2021, Cichlasoma spilurum (Günther, 1862): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=450, Revision Date: 8/6/2018, Peer Review Date: 6/7/1999, Access Date: 9/17/2021
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.