Cichlasoma trimaculatum
Cichlasoma trimaculatum
(Threespot Cichlid)
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Cichlasoma trimaculatum (Günther, 1867)

Common name: Threespot Cichlid

Synonyms and Other Names: red eyed cichlid

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Identifying characteristics were given by Conkel (1993). Color photographs appeared in Loiselle (1980a), Konings (1989), Conkel (1993), and Axelrod (1993). Other names include Heros trimaculatus and Herichthys trimaculatus.

Size: 36.5 cm SL (Conkel 1993).

Native Range: Pacific slope drainages of Middle America from Laguna Coyuca, Mexico to the Río Lempa, El Salvador (Loiselle 1980a; Conkel 1993).

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Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: This species was locally established in a rock pit in Manatee County, Florida, during the mid-1970s (Shafland 1976; Courtenay and Stauffer 1990; Smith-Vaniz, personal communication)(museum specimen). Additinoal specimens were taken in Hillsborough Co., Florida, in the 1990s (museum specimens). It was also listed as unsuccessfully introduced into an unspecified site in Nevada (Robins et al. 1991b).

Means of Introduction: Probable aquarium release (Courtenay and Stauffer 1990).

Status: The Florida populations was first discovered in the mid-1970s (Shafland 1976); it was eradicated by personnel of the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission in 1975 (Courtenay and Stauffer 1990). The status of the Hillsborough Co. population is uncertain but it is probably no longer extant as no additinoal collections have been reported. The only published information on the Nevada introductions was an abbreviated account given by Robins et al. (1991b).

Impact of Introduction: Unknown.

Remarks: According to Loiselle (1980a), the morphology and behavior of this species is almost indistinguishable from amphilophus of the C. labiatum group. It is common in the aquarium trade (Loiselle 1980a).

Voucher specimens: Florida (UF 92207; 98919).

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Leo Nico, and Bill Loftus

Revision Date: 7/12/2012

Peer Review Date: 2/9/2016

Citation Information:
Leo Nico, and Bill Loftus, 2018, Cichlasoma trimaculatum (Günther, 1867): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL,, Revision Date: 7/12/2012, Peer Review Date: 2/9/2016, Access Date: 3/22/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [3/22/2018].

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