Common name: banded jewelfish
Synonyms and Other Names: five-spot cichlid, five-star general
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Loiselle (1979) revised the genus. Distinguishing characteristics and illustrations were given by Loiselle (1979) and Skelton (1993). Keys were included in Loiselle (1992) and in Skelton (1993). Color illustrations or photographs were provided by Axelrod et al. (1985), Axelrod (1993), Skelton (1993), and Linke and Staeck (1994).
Size: 19 cm (Skelton 1993).
Native Range: Western Africa. Widespread in Zaire basin to tropical West Africa, and in Okavango and upper Zambezi systems (Skelton 1993; Linke and Staeck 1994).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Hemichromis elongatus are found here.
Table last updated 5/6/2021
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Probable aquarium release.
Status: Established in Hawaii.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Axelrod, H. R. 1993. The most complete colored lexicon of cichlids. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Hink, H., and W. Staeck. 1994. African cichlids I: Cichlids from West Africa. Tetra Press, Melle, Germany.
Loiselle, P. V. 1979. A revision of the genus Hemichromis Peters 1858 (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Museé Royal de L'Afrique Central-Tervuren-Belgique-Annales-Serie in-8-Sciences Zoologiques-No. 228. 124 pp.
Skelton, P. H. 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers, Halfway House, South Africa.
Tagawa, A. - Division of Aquatic Resources, Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, Honolulu, HI.
Revision Date: 4/1/2020
Peer Review Date: 6/15/2004
Nico, L., 2021, Hemichromis elongatus (Guichenot in Duméril, 1861): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=456, Revision Date: 4/1/2020, Peer Review Date: 6/15/2004, Access Date: 5/7/2021
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.