Common name: Lake Tanganyika dwarf cichlid
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Distinguishing characteristics and keys to Lake Tanganyika cichlid genera and members of the genus Telmatochromis were given by Brichard (1978). Color photographs were given in Brichard (1978), Axelrod et al. (1985), Konings (1988), and Axelrod (1993).
Size: 9-10 cm TL (Maréchal and Poll 1991;Axelrod 1993)
Native Range: Tropical Africa. Lake Tanganyika (Brichard 1978; Maréchal and Poll 1991).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Telmatochromis bifrenatus are found here.
Table last updated 10/4/2018
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Probable aquarium release
Status: There have been no more reports, so the species has likely failed in Florida.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Axelrod, H. R. 1993. The most complete colored lexicon of cichlids. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Axelrod, H. R., W. E. Burgess, N. Pronek, and J. G. Walls. 1985. Dr. Axelrod's atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Brichard, P. 1978. Fishes of Lake Tanganyika. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Konings, A. 1988. Tanganvika cichlids. Verduijn Cichlids & Lake Fish Movies, Zevenhuizen, Holland. 272 p.
Maréchal, C. and M. Poll. 1991. Telmatochromis. p 474-478. In J. Daget, J.P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Checklist of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC. Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4.
Leo Nico, and Bill Loftus
Revision Date: 7/12/2012
Peer Review Date: 2/9/2016
Leo Nico, and Bill Loftus, 2019, Telmatochromis bifrenatus Myers, 1936: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=479, Revision Date: 7/12/2012, Peer Review Date: 2/9/2016, Access Date: 3/24/2019
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.