Common name: Shoshone Sculpin
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Simpson and Wallace (1978); Page and Burr (1991).
Size: to 9 cm (Griffith and Daley 1984).
Native Range: Rocky springs and their effluents in Hagerman Valley in the Snake River drainage, Idaho (Wallace et al. 1984; Page and Burr 1991; Kuda and Griffith 1993).
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe
A total of 419 Shoshone Sculpins were transplanted from Bickel Spring at the Hagerman National Fish Hatchery to an unnamed spring, sometimes called "Transplant Spring," in the Thousand Springs formation near Hagerman, Idaho in August 1983 (Kuda and Griffith 1993). The site of introduction was at river kilometer 965.7 on the Snake River in Gooding County, about 16 km upstream from springs where it was naturally occurring. In 1991 the species was taken from a second spring, 0.1 km downstream from the original site (Kuda and Griffith 1993).
Ecology: Shoshone Sculpin is a small, short-lived cottid, generally living up to 3 years. Generally found in cool, well-oxygenated, low velocity waters with abundant benthic structuure and aquatic vegetation in the Thousand Springs formation. Diet of this species generally consists of plankton and aquatic insects (Griffith and Daley 1984).
Means of Introduction: Stocked for conservation purposes in an attempt to expand this species' very limited range. The Shoshone Sculpin's native habitat was under immediate threat due to water diversion for irrigation and development of springs for commercial trout production (Simpson and Wallace 1978).
Status: The introduced population became established and was the predominant fish in Transplant Spring within eight years of its introduction (Kuda and Griffith 1993).
Impact of Introduction: Kuda and Griffith (1993) suggested that C. greenei displaced native mottled sculpin C. bairdii, causing the latter species to move from aquatic vegetation and low water velocity areas into sites with more moderate current.
References: (click for full references)
Griffith, J. and D. M. Daley. 1984. Re-establishment of Shoshone sculpin (Cottus greenei
) in the Hagerman Valley, Idaho. Final Report to the Idaho Fish and Game Nongame Program.
Kuda, D. B., and J. S. Griffith. 1993. Establishment of Shoshone sculpin (Cottus greenei) in a spring inhabited by mottled sculpin (C. bairdii). Great Basin Naturalist 53(2):190--193.
Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Simpson, J., and R. Wallace. 1978. Fishes of Idaho. University of Idaho Press, Moscow, ID.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994a. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants: animal candidate review for listing as endangered or threatened species. 50 CFR 17.11 & 17.12. Federal Register, November 15, 1994. 59(219):58982--589028. U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC.
Wallace, R. L., J. S. Griffith, Jr., D. M. Daley, P. J. Connolly, and G. B. Beckham. 1984. Distribution of the Shoshone sculpin (Cottus greenei: Cottidae) in the Hagerman Valley of south central Idaho. Great Basin Naturalist 44(2):324--326.
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson
Revision Date: 3/1/2012
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2018, Cottus greenei (Gilbert and Culver in Jordan and Evermann, 1898): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=504, Revision Date: 3/1/2012, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 1/22/2018
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.