The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Campostoma oligolepis
Campostoma oligolepis
(Largescale Stoneroller)
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Campostoma oligolepis Hubbs and Greene, 1935

Common name: Largescale Stoneroller

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Becker (1983); Robison and Buchanan (1988); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Pflieger (1997). This species requires additional taxonomic study.

Size: 22 cm.

Native Range: Upper Mississippi River and Lake Michigan drainages of Wisconsin, eastern Minnesota, eastern Iowa, and northern Illinois; Ozarkian streams of central and southern Missouri, and northern Arkansas; Mobile Bay drainage, Georgia, Alabama, and eastern Mississippi; parts of Green, Cumberland, and Tennessee River drainages of Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and Alabama (Page and Burr 1991; Burr and Cashner 1983).

Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Campostoma oligolepis are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
AL196619882Lower Conecuh; Middle Tallapoosa

Table last updated 7/15/2024

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Possible bait release.

Status: Reported from Alabama and Oklahoma.

Impact of Introduction: Largely unknown. Burr and Cashner (1983) noted that stonerollers are popular bait minnows and stated that hybrids between Campostoma oligolepis and C. pauciradii found in some sites are likely the result of the introduction of one or the other species into the natural range of the other by man.

Remarks: Gilbert (1992) suggested that several different minnow species recently found in the Escambia River drainage, including Luxilus chrysocephalus, Nocomis leptocephalus, and Notropis baileyi, may have been introduced there. As support for introduction, he indicated that these minnows were absent in all early samples taken from that drainage. In his opinion (Gilbert, personal communication), the same case can be made for Campostoma oligolepis. Unlike the other three cyprinids, Campostoma oligolepis is not yet known from the Florida portion of the Escambia River drainage. In their summary table on Alabama fishes, Mettee et al. (1996) listed it as native to the Conecuh (Escambia) River drainage. Concerning its native range, Etnier and Starnes (1993) questioned the identification of lower Tennessee River Campostoma as oligolepis. Consequently, this species may not be part of the Tennessee fauna. Although Menhinick (1991) reported no records from North Carolina, he said that it may be present in the Little Tennessee system in the state. However, Burr and Cashner (1983) did record the species from the southwestern corner of the state.

References: (click for full references)

Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Madison Press, Madison, WI.

Burr, B.M., and R.C. Cashner. 1983. Campostoma pauciradii, a new cyprinid fish from southeastern United States, with a review of related forms. Copeia 1983(1):101-116.

Cross, F.B., R.L. Mayden, and J.D. Stewart. 1986. Fishes in the western Mississippi basin (Missouri, Arkansas, and Red Rivers). 363-412 in C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.

Gilbert, C.R. (ed.). 1992. Rare and endangered biota of Florida. Volume II. Fishes. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.

Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 227 pp.

Mettee, M.F., P.E. O'Neil, and J.M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Inc., Birmingham, AL.

Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Pflieger, W. 1997. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Environmental Conservation, Jefferson City, MO.

Robison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan. 1998. Fishes of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 11/15/2011

Peer Review Date: 11/15/2011

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2024, Campostoma oligolepis Hubbs and Greene, 1935: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=507, Revision Date: 11/15/2011, Peer Review Date: 11/15/2011, Access Date: 7/15/2024

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [7/15/2024].

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