The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Luxilus albeolus
Luxilus albeolus
(White Shiner)
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Luxilus albeolus (Jordan, 1889)

Common name: White Shiner

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Gilbert (1964); Page and Burr (1991); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); commonly used name is Notropis albeolus.

Size: 13 cm.

Native Range: Atlantic Slope from Chowan River system, Virginia, to the Cape Fear River drainage, North Carolina; upper New River drainage (Ohio River basin), West Virginia, Virginia, and North Carolina (Page and Burr 1991; but see Lee et al. 1980 et seq.).
Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Luxilus albeolus are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
NC196320081Upper New
VA196120115Appomattox; Kanawha; Middle New; Upper James; Upper New
WV198019982Lower New; Middle New

Table last updated 6/25/2024

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Unknown; probable bait bucket release.

Status: Established in North Carolina.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: The species is widely distributed in the upper New River drainage (Ohio River basin), including sites in North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia (Lee et al. 1980 et seq.). Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) considered the White Shiner to be native to the New drainage in Virginia. Starnes and R. E. Jenkins (personal communications) believe the same should be true in North Carolina. These researchers have concluded that the species distribution may be better explained as being locally restricted. The native range given by Page and Burr (1991) is in agreement with the conclusions of these investigators. In contrast, Gilbert (personal communication) contends that L. albeolus was introduced into the New system very early, prior to the days when any scientific collections were made (also see Lee et al. 1980 et seq.). Menhinick (1991) listed this species as considered native in the New drainage, but possibly introduced.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Nico, L.

Revision Date: 6/30/2000

Peer Review Date: 6/30/2000

Citation Information:
Nico, L., 2024, Luxilus albeolus (Jordan, 1889): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=558, Revision Date: 6/30/2000, Peer Review Date: 6/30/2000, Access Date: 6/25/2024

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/25/2024].

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