The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Lythrurus matutinus
(Pinewoods Shiner)
Native Transplant
Translate this page with Google
Français Deutsch Español Português Russian Italiano Japanese

Copyright Info
Lythrurus matutinus (Cope, 1870)

Common name: Pinewoods Shiner

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); another commonly used name is Notropis ardens. Snelson (1990) recognized two subspecies, L. a. ardens and L. a. fasciolaris. Dimmick et al. (1996) recognized L. ardens as a species complex; as part of a re-evaluation, they elevated L. a. fasciolaris to species status, and resurrected L. matutinus from synonymy. Mayden et al. (1992) and Gilbert (1998) treated all three species as valid. Maximum size: 8.5 cm.

Native Range: Neuse River drainage, North Carolina (Snelson 1990).

US auto-generated map Legend USGS Logo
Alaska auto-generated map
Hawaii auto-generated map
Caribbean auto-generated map
Puerto Rico &
Virgin Islands
Guam auto-generated map
Guam Saipan
Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Lythrurus matutinus are found here.

StateYear of earliest observationYear of last observationTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
North Carolina199119911Haw

Table last updated 10/4/2018

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Unknown; probable bait bucket release. In North Carolina, the Cape Fear introduction is presumed to have been from the adjacent Neuse drainage (Snelson 1990).

Status: Unknown in North Carolina.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: In their taxonomic revision, Dimmick et al. (1996) recognized three distinct species in the L. ardens complex and they restricted the range of each of the species. Based on the distribution map given by Dimmick et al. (1996) for the three species, we can assume that records from the Cape Fear drainage likely represent L. matutinus. However, among the L. ardens complex, Dimmick et al. (1996) apparently only recognized populations found in the York River drainage of Virginia as introduced. Snelson (1990) provided details on the distribution of native and introduced populations.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Nico, L.

Revision Date: 7/5/2000

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Nico, L., 2019, Lythrurus matutinus (Cope, 1870): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=568, Revision Date: 7/5/2000, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 5/19/2019

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2019]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/19/2019].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.