Common name: Arkansas River Shiner
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Robison and Buchanan (1988); Sublette et al. (1990); Page and Burr (1991). Maximum size: 8 cm.
Native Range: Arkansas River drainage from western Arkansas to western Kansas, western Oklahoma, Texas panhandle, and northeastern New Mexico (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Notropis girardi are found here.
Table last updated 3/1/2021
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: According to Bestgen et al. (1989), introduction of Notropis girardi into the Pecos River probably resulted from release of baitfish by anglers below Sumner Dam in 1978. Its use as a bait fish may have been inadvertent, for it was speculated that the species may have been included in a bait shipment of plains minnow, Hybognathus placitus. The initial stock is unknown, but it may have come from the nearby Canadian River drainage. From the presumed point of introduction, the species dispersed downstream at least 260 km by the late 1981 and was common in collections made in the river in 1986-1987. However, Bestgen et al. (1989) admitted that dispersal may have been aided by multiple introductions throughout the Pecos River. Cross (1970) presumed that the species gained access to the Red River in Oklahoma by way of human introduction. However, he could not rule out natural transfer from the South Canadian River (Arkansas drainage) to the adjacent Washita drainage.
Status: Established in New Mexico; reported from Oklahoma outside its native range.
Impact of Introduction: The population in the Pecos River may be posing a problem for the survival of the endemic bluntnose shiner Notropis simus pecosensis (Gilbert, personal communication).
References: (click for full references)
Bestgen, K.R., S.P. Platania, J.E. Brooks, and D.L. Propst. 1989. Dispersal and life history traits of Notropis girardi
(Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae), introduced into the Pecos River, New Mexico. American Midland Naturalist 122:228-235.
Cross, F.B. 1970. Occurrences of the Arkansas River shiner, Notropis girardi Hubbs and Ortenburger, in the Red River system. The Southwestern Naturalist 14:370.
Cross, F.B., R.L. Mayden, and J.D. Stewart. 1986. Fishes in the western Mississippi basin (Missouri, Arkansas, and Red Rivers). 363-412 in C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.
Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.
Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Guide Series, vol. 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Robison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan. 1998. Fishes of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR.
Sublette, J.E., M.D. Hatch, and M. Sublette. 1990. The fishes of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1998. Final rule to list the Arkansas River basin population of the Arkansas River shiner (Notropis girardi) as threatened. Federal Register 63(225):64777-64799.
Leo Nico, and Matt Neilson
Revision Date: 8/23/2012
Peer Review Date: 8/23/2012
Leo Nico, and Matt Neilson, 2021, Notropis girardi Hubbs and Ortenburger, 1929: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=594, Revision Date: 8/23/2012, Peer Review Date: 8/23/2012, Access Date: 3/1/2021
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.