Common name: Telescope Shiner
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994). It was previously considered a subspecies of the popeye shiner Notropis ariommus.
Size: 9.4 cm.
Native Range: Disjunct; Cumberland and Tennessee River drainages, Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and Alabama; Little, St. Francis, and White river systems, Missouri and Arkansas (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Notropis telescopus are found here.
Table last updated 2/27/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Unknown; probable bait bucket release. According to Jenkins and Burkhead (1994), the species was first taken in the New River drainage from Big Walker Creek, Virginia, in 1958. They noted that the pattern of these and subsequent records indicates that Notropis telescopus was established in the Virginia portion of the New drainage in the mid- or late 1950s. The likely source of the introduction was given as the Tennessee River drainage, but Jenkins and Burkhead were uncertain in which stream the New drainage population was founded. They believed it to be in the middle third of the Virginia section below Claytor Dam and that the species subsequently dispersed into upstream and downstream areas. It was first taken in West Virginia from East River and Greenbrier system (both New drainage) in 1972 (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994). According to Jenkins and Burkhead (1994), its appearance in the upper James was likely the result of a single introduction, probably occurring before closure in 1980 of Gathright Dam on the Jackson River.
Status: Established in North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Hocutte, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the Fishes of the Central Appalachians and Central Atlantic Coastal Plain. In C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley, eds. The Zoogeography of North American Freshwater Fishes.161-212.
Revision Date: 7/2/2019
Peer Review Date: 4/20/2010
Nico, L., 2023, Notropis telescopus (Cope, 1868): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=612, Revision Date: 7/2/2019, Peer Review Date: 4/20/2010, Access Date: 4/1/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.