Common name: dwarf barb
Synonyms and Other Names: Barbus gelius (Hamilton, 1822), Puntius gelius (Hamilton, 1822); golden barb, golden dwarf barb
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Distinguishing characteristics and key were given in Talwar and Jhingran (1991); Pethiyagoda et al. (2012) reassigned this species from Puntius to Pethia, and provided a key to genera related to Puntius. Photographs appeared in Sterba (1973).
Size: 5.1 cm (Rahman 1989)
Native Range: Asia. India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh (Talwar and Jhingran 1991); Nepal and Myanmar (museum specimens).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Pethia gelius are found here.
Table last updated 1/26/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Probable escape from fish farm.
Status: Failed in Florida.
References: (click for full references)
Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and D.A. Hensley. 1979. Survey of introduced non-native fishes. Phase I Report. Introduced exotic fishes in North America: status 1979. Report Submitted to National Fishery Research Laboratory, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Gainesville, FL.
Courtenay, W.R., Jr., H.F. Sahlman, W.W. Miley II, and D.J. Herrema. 1974. Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida. Biological Conservation 6(4):292-302.
Pethiyagoda, R., M. Meegaskumbura, and K. Maduwage. 2012. A synopsis of the South Asians fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 23(1):69-95.
Rahman, A.K.A. 1989. Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Sterba, G. 1973. Freshwater fishes of the world. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc, Neptune City, NJ.
Talwar, P.K., and A.G. Jhingran. 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. AA Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Leo Nico, and Matt Neilson
Revision Date: 4/15/2013
Peer Review Date: 4/15/2013
Leo Nico, and Matt Neilson, 2023, Pethia gelius (Hamilton, 1822): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=632, Revision Date: 4/15/2013, Peer Review Date: 4/15/2013, Access Date: 1/29/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.