The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Puntius semifasciolatus
Puntius semifasciolatus
(green barb)

Copyright Info
Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther, 1868)

Common name: green barb

Synonyms and Other Names: Barbus semifasciolatus, Capoeta semifasciolata, C. semifasciolatus; half-striped barb, Chinese barb, gold barb, halfbanded barb, Schubert's barb

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: A related species, Puntius sachsi, is very similar in appearance (Petrovicky 1988). Color photographs appeared in Axelrod et al. (1985); color variants were pictured in Petrovicky (1988).

Size: 10 cm.

Native Range: Asia. Southeastern China from Hong Kong to the island of Hainan (Petrovicky 1988); Laos (Kottelat 2001); Vietnam and Thailand (museum records).

Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: This species was introduced to Nu'uanu Reservoir in Oahu, Hawaii in 1940, but was extirpated during a drought of 1984 (Brock 1960; Maciolek 1984; Welcomme 1988; Devick 1991a, b; Yamamoto and Tagawa 2000; Mundy 2005).

Puntius semifasciolatus is established on Singapore where it was introduced sometime before 1912 (Alfred 1966; Ng et al. 1993), was reported from a swamp in Papua New Guinea in 1966 (Glucksman et al. 1976), and is introduced in Lake Khanka, Russia (Svirsky and Barbanshchikov 2010)

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Puntius semifasciolatus are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†

Table last updated 2/27/2024

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: According to Devick (1991b), this species was introduced from Asia for food and decoration.

Status: Extirpated after the drought of 1984 when the reservoir dried (Yamamoto and Tagawa 2000; Mundy 2005).

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: This species is common in the ornamental fish trade.

Pethiyagoda et al. (2012) suggested that the 'Puntius binotatus' group (containing P. semifasciolatus) belongs in the genus Barbodes.

There are no known voucher specimens.

References: (click for full references)

Alfred, E.R. 1966. The fresh-water fishes of Singapore. Zoologische Verhandelingen 78:1-68.

Axelrod, H.R., W.E. Burgess, N. Pronek, and J.G. Walls. 1985. Dr. Axelrod's atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.

Brock, V.E. 1960. The introduction of aquatic animals into Hawaiian waters. International Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie 45:463-480.

Devick, W.S. 1991a. Disturbances and fluctuations in the Wahiawa Reservoir ecosystem. Project F-14-R-15, Job 4, Study I. Division of Aquatic Resources, Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources.

Devick, W.S. 1991b. Patterns of introductions of aquatic organisms to Hawaiian freshwater habitats. Pages 189-213 in New directions in research, management and conservation of Hawaiian freshwater stream ecosystems. Proceedings of the 1990 symposium on freshwater stream biology and fisheries management, Division of Aquatic Resources, Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources.

Glucksman, J., G. West, and T.M. Berra. 1976. The introduced fishes of Papua New Guinea with special reference to Tilapia mossambica. Biological Conservation 9:37-44.

Kottelat, M. 2001. Fishes of Laos. Wildlife Heritage Trust, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Maciolek, J.A. 1984. Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania. Pages 131-161 in Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.R. Stauffer, Jr, eds. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD.

Mundy, B.C. 2005. Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology, Number 6.

Ng, P.K.L., L.M. Chou, and T.J. Lam. 1993. The status and impact of introduced freshwater animals in Singapore. Biological Conservation 64:19-24.

Petrovicky, I. 1988. Aquarium fish of the world. Hamlyn, London, England.

Svirsky, V.G., and E.I. Barbanshchikov. 2010. Biological invasions as an element of anthropogenic pressure upon the aquatic biotic communities in Lake Khanka. Russian Journal of Biological Invasions 1:21-25.

Talwar, P.K., and A.G. Jhingran. 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. AA Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Welcomme, R.L. 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 294. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy. http://www.fao.org/docrep/X5628E/X5628E00.htm.

Yamamoto, M.N., and A.W. Tagawa. 2000. Hawaii's native and exotic freshwater animals. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu, HI.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Leo Nico, Pamela J. Schofield, and Matt Neilson

Revision Date: 4/30/2018

Peer Review Date: 4/15/2013

Citation Information:
Leo Nico, Pamela J. Schofield, and Matt Neilson, 2024, Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther, 1868): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=634, Revision Date: 4/30/2018, Peer Review Date: 4/15/2013, Access Date: 2/27/2024

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [2/27/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.