Common name: Deepbody Anchovy
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: No dorsal or anal spines. Anal soft-rays: 27-34. Moderately deep-bodied. Snout pointed, about 1/2 to 3/4 eye diameter; maxilla moderate, tip rather blunt, not reaching to hind border of pre-operculum. Anal fin origin a little before midpoint of dorsal fin base. A bright silver stripe along flank, often as wide as eye, not fading on preservation.
Size: 13.3 cm SL
Native Range: From Point Conception, California, to southern Baja California (Mundy 2005).
In 1932, 6,000 individuals were transported via a tuna clipper from California to Kane'ohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii (Macioleck 1984, Randall 1987). The species failed to establish in Hawaii (Mundy 2005).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Anchoa compressa are found here.
Table last updated 9/23/2021
† Populations may not be currently present.
Ecology: Common in bays and inlets in California. The species is a filter-feeder.
Means of Introduction: Intentionally stocked as a forage fish.
Status: Failed in Hawaii (Randall 1987; Mundy 2005).
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Maciolek, J. A. 1984. Exotic Fishes in Hawaii and Other Islands of Oceania. Pages 131-161 in:
W.R. Courtaney, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds). Distribution, Biology, and Management of Exotic Fishes.
Mundy, B. C. 2005. Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Biology, Number 6.
Randall, J. E. 1987. Introductions of marine fishes to the Hawaiian islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 41: 490-502.
Schofield, P.J., and Fuller, P.
Revision Date: 7/31/2019
Peer Review Date: 2/2/2006
Schofield, P.J., and Fuller, P., 2021, Anchoa compressa (Girard, 1858): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=669, Revision Date: 7/31/2019, Peer Review Date: 2/2/2006, Access Date: 9/23/2021
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.