Common name: Northern Anchovy
Synonyms and Other Names: California anchovy
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Miller and Lea (1972); Eschmeyer et al. (1983); Whitehead et al. (1988); Fischer et al. (1995a).
Size: 18 cm.
Native Range: Marine; Queen Charlotte Island, British Columbia, to tip of Baja and Gulf of California (Ramirez-Hernández and Gonzales Pages 1976; Eschmeyer et al. 1983; Fischer et al. 1995a).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Engraulis mordax are found here.
Table last updated 9/17/2021
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Six thousand fish were intentionally stocked as forage. Stock was obtained from Los Angeles Harbor (Walker et al. 1961).
Status: The introduction failed to produce a viable population and the species is extirpated in the Salton Sea.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Dill, W. A., and A. J. Cordone. 1997. History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871--1996. Manuscript for Fish Bulletin of the California Department of Fish and Game 178.
Fischer, W., F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K. E. Carpenter, V. H. Niem. 1995a. Guía FAO para la identificatión de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacifico centro-oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1. Vol. II: 647--1200. Roma, FAO.
Miller, D. J., and R. N. Lea. 1972. Guide to the coastal marine fishes of California. Fish Bulletin of the California Department of Fish and Game 157:1--235.
Ramirez-Hernández, E. and A. Gonzales Pages. 1976. Catalogo de peces marinos Mexicanos. Mexico, D. F.: Secretaría de Industia y Comercio, Instituto Nacional de Pesca. 462 pp.
Walker, B. W., R. R. Whitney, and G. W. Barlow. 1961. Fishes of the Salton Sea. Pages 77--92 in B. W. Walker, editor. The ecology of the Salton Sea, California, in relation to the sport fishery of California. Fish Bulletin of the California Department of Fish and Game 113.
Whitehead, J. P., G. J. Nelson, and T. Wongratana. 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid Fishes of the World (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, anchovies and wolf-herrings. Part 2 -- Engraulidae. FAO Fisheries Synopsis (125) Vol. 7, Pt. 2:305--579.
Revision Date: 12/5/2003
Peer Review Date: 12/5/2003
Fuller, P., 2021, Engraulis mordax Girard, 1854: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=672, Revision Date: 12/5/2003, Peer Review Date: 12/5/2003, Access Date: 9/17/2021
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.