Lucania goodei
Lucania goodei
(Bluefin Killifish)
Native Transplant
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Lucania goodei Jordan, 1880

Common name: Bluefin Killifish

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Menhinick (1991); Page and Burr (1991); Mettee et al. (1996).

Size: 5 cm.

Native Range: Throughout Florida, except in panhandle only as far west as Choctawhatchee River drainage and southeastern Alabama in Chipola River drainage (Page and Burr 1991); sporadically along Atlantic Coast as far north as central South Carolina (where possibly introduced).
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Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: The Bluefin Killifish is established in the San Dieguito River, San Diego County, California (Huang et al. 2003). This species was probably introduced into both the Northeast Cape Fear drainage near Wilmington, North Carolina (Menhinick 1991) and the Cooper River on the central South Carolina coast (Loyacano 1975; Lee et al. 1980 et seq.; Christie and Curtis 1983; Page and Burr 1991; Rhode et al. 1994). It is also established in a small artificial wetland in Victoria, Texas (Gallaway et al. 2008).

Means of Introduction: Unknown. Based on meristics, the South Carolina population came from Florida (Christie and Curtis 1983). The Texas population was most likely introduced with shipments of aquatic nursery plants from Florida.

Status: Established in California, North Carolina, and South Carolina.

Impact of Introduction: Unknown.

Remarks: The isolated population near Wilmington, North Carolina, is similar to the isolated population of Heterandria formosa, another species listed by Menhinick (1991) as introduced. These similar distributions could indicate a shared transport event, or alternatively, a shared refugium (Starnes, personal communication).

References: (click for full references)

Christie R. W., and T. A. Curtis. 1983. Establishment of bluefin killifish, Lucania goodei, in Cooper River, South Carolina. Georgia Journal of Science 41(3):91-92.

Gallaway, B.J., R.G. Fechhelm, and R.G. Howells. 2008. Introduction of the bluefin killifish (Lucania goodei) in Texas. Texas J. Sci. 60(1): 69-72.

Huang, D., R.N. Lea, and J. Wolf. 2003. Occurrence of the bluefin killifish, Lucania goodei, in the San Dieguito River, southern California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences. 102: 46-49.

Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980 et seq. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. 867 pp.

Loyacano, H.A., Jr. 1975. A list of freshwater fishes of South Carolina. Bulletin of the South Carolina Experimental Station 580:1-8.

Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 227 pp.

Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, Volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 6/25/2008

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2018, Lucania goodei Jordan, 1880: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL,, Revision Date: 6/25/2008, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 3/22/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Page Last Modified: Wednesday, March 14, 2018


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [3/22/2018].

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