Common name: Mooneye
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Smith (1985); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Mettee et al. (1996); Pflieger (1997).
Size: 47 cm
Native Range: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes (except Superior), Mississippi River, and Hudson Bay basins from Quebec to Alberta and south to Gulf; Gulf Slope drainages from Mobile Bay, Alabama, to Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Hiodon tergisus are found here.
Table last updated 9/25/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Unknown. Possibly intentionally stocked.
Status: Extirpated in Maryland.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Hall, G.E. 1956. Additions to the fish fauna of Oklahoma with a summary of introduced species. The Southwestern Naturalist. 1(1): 16-26.
Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Revision Date: 6/29/2023
Peer Review Date: 12/29/2004
Fuller, P., 2023, Hiodon tergisus Lesueur, 1818: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=727, Revision Date: 6/29/2023, Peer Review Date: 12/29/2004, Access Date: 9/25/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.