Common name: Gulf Flounder
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Hoese and Moore (1998); Manooch (1984); Robins and Ray (1986).
Size: 38 cm.
Native Range: Marine. Western Atlantic from North Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico and Panama, including the Bahamas (Robins and Ray 1986; Boschung 1992).
A total of 3,500 Gulf flounder were stocked by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) in Alcoa Lake, Milam County, Texas, in 1977 (Luebke 1978).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Paralichthys albigutta are found here.
Table last updated 1/21/2022
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Intentional, authorized stocking for sportfishing (Luebke 1978).
Status: The introduction failed to produce a viable population and the species is extirpated in Alcoa Lake (Luebke 1978).
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Boschung, H.T. 1992. Catalogue of freshwater and marine fishes of Alabama. Alabama Museum of Natural History Bulletin 14:1-266.
Hoese, H.D. and R.H. Moore. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Texas, Louisiana, and Adjacent Waters. 2nd Edition. Texas A & M University Press, College Station, TX.
Luebke, R.W. 1978. Evaluation of a multi-predator introduction. Federal Aid Project F-31-R-4.
Manooch, C.S. 1984. Fisherman's guide, fishes of the southwestern United States. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.
Robins, C.R., G.C. Ray, and J. Douglass. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic Coast fishes of North America. The Peterson Guide Series, volume 32. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Revision Date: 11/26/2019
Peer Review Date: 12/5/2011
Fuller, P., 2022, Paralichthys albigutta Jordan and Gilbert, 1882: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=802, Revision Date: 11/26/2019, Peer Review Date: 12/5/2011, Access Date: 1/21/2022
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.