Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Poecilia sp. are found here.
Table last updated 5/19/2022
† Populations may not be currently present.
References: (click for full references)
Devick, W.S. 1991b. Pattern of introductions of aquatic organisms to Hawaii freshwater habitats. Pages 189-213 in: New directions in research, management and conservations of Hawaiian freshwater stream ecosystems. Proceedings of 1990 symposium on freshwater stream biology and fisheries management, Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Aquatic Resources, Honolulu, HI.
Englund, R. A., D. J. Preston, R. Wolff, S. L. Coles, L. G. Eldredge and K. Arakaki. 2000. Biodiversity of freshwater and estuarine communities in lower Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii with observations on introduced species. Final Report prepared for the U.S. Navy. Bishop Museum Technical Report 16: 1-167.
Maciolek, J. A. 1984. Exotic Fishes in Hawaii and Other Islands of Oceania. Pages 131-161 in: W.R. Courtaney, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds). Distribution, Biology, and Management of Exotic Fishes.
Mundy, B. C. 2005. Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology, Number 6.
Yamamoto, M. N. and A. W. Tagawa. 2000. Hawaii's Native and Exotic Freshwater Animals. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu, HI. 200 pp.
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.