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The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.




Coregonus artedi
(Cisco)
Fishes
Native Transplant
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Coregonus artedi Lesueur, 1818

Common name: Cisco

Synonyms and Other Names: Leucichthys artedi, lake herring.

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Scott and Crossman (1973); Trautman (1981); Becker (1983); Page and Burr (1991). Commonly used spelling is C. artedii.

Size: 57 cm.

Native Range: Widespread through much of Canada and northern United States in St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Arctic, and upper Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Northwest Territories and Alberta, and south to northern Ohio, Illinois, and Minnesota (Page and Burr 1991).

US auto-generated map Legend USGS Logo
Alaska auto-generated map
Alaska
Hawaii auto-generated map
Hawaii
Caribbean auto-generated map
Puerto Rico &
Virgin Islands
Guam auto-generated map
Guam Saipan
Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Coregonus artedi are found here.

StateYear of earliest observationYear of last observationTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
Illinois198619861Upper Illinois
Maryland198019801Lower Susquehanna
Minnesota187819745Clearwater-Elk; Crow; Lower St. Croix; Rainy; Rum
Montana1984201111Bullwhacker-Dog; Charlie-Little Muddy; Fort Peck Reservoir; Lower Milk; Marias; Milk; Missouri-Poplar; Prairie Elk-Wolf; Redwater; Upper Missouri; Willow
Nebraska188818881Missouri Region
New York198519851Upper Genesee
North Dakota199419972Lake Sakakawea; Painted Woods-Square Butte
Pennsylvania196919691Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna
South Dakota199219942Fort Randall Reservoir; Missouri Region
Tennessee196019601Lower Little Tennessee

Table last updated 5/25/2018

† Populations may not be currently present.


Means of Introduction: This species was intentionally stocked either as a food fish or as forage for larger predatory sport fish. Power and Ryckman (1998) noted that the species migrated downstream into the Missouri River drainage of North Dakota from Fort Peck Reservoir, Montana. It was stocked in Tennessee in 1960 (Etnier and Starnes 1993); in Harvey's Lake, Pennsylvania from 1969 to 1972 (Denoncourt et al. 1975); and in Nebraska in 1888 (Morris et al. 1974).

Status: Some populations in Minnesota and Montana became established. Reproduction has been noted in North Dakota. Stockings that took place in many of the other states reportedly failed.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: None.

References: (click for full references)

Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Madison Press, Madison, WI.

Burr, B.M., and L.M. Page. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the lower Ohio-upper Mississippi basin. 287-324 in C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

Cooper, E.L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PA.

Denoncourt, R.F., T.B. Robbins, and R. Hesser. 1975. Recent introductions and reintroductions to the Pennsylvania fish fauna of the Susquehanna River drainage above Conowingo Dam. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 49:57-58.

Eddy, S., and J.C. Underhill. 1974. Northern fishes, with special reference to the Upper Mississippi Valley. 3rd edition. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.

Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tenneessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.

Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.

Lee, D.S., A. Norden, C.R. Gilbert, and R. Franz. 1976. A list of the freshwater fishes of Maryland and Delaware. Chesapeake Science 17(3):205-211.

Lee, D.S., S.P. Platania, C.R. Gilbert, R. Franz, and A. Norden. 1981. A revised list of the freshwater fishes of Maryland and Delaware. Southeastern Fishes Council Proceedings 3(3):1-10.

Holton, G.D. 1990. A field guide to Montana fishes. Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Parks, Helena, MT.

Morris, J., L. Morris, and L. Witt. 1974. The fishes of Nebraska. Nebraska Game and Parks commission, Lincoln, NE.

North Dakota Game and Fish Department. 1994. Fishes of the Dakotas. North Dakota Game and Fish Department, Bismark, ND.

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Guide Series, vol. 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Power, G.J., and F. Ryckman. 1998. Status of North Dakota's fishes. North Dakota Game and Fish Department, Division Report 27, Jamestown, ND.

Scott, W.B., and E.J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater Fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin 184. Ottawa.

Smith, C.L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

Trautman, M.B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, OH.

Young, B.A., T.L. Welker, M.L. Wildhaber, C.R. Berry, and D. Scarnecchia, editors. 1997. Population structure and habitat use of benthic fishes along the Missouri and lower Yellowstone rivers. Annual Report of Missouri River Benthic Fish Study PD-95-5832. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation.

Other Resources:
Distribution map in Illinois - Illinois Natural History Survey

Status of North Dakota's fishes - USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

FishBase Summary

Author: Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson

Revision Date: 3/6/2012

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2018, Coregonus artedi Lesueur, 1818: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=886, Revision Date: 3/6/2012, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 8/20/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Page Last Modified: Tuesday, August 07, 2018

Disclaimer:

The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [8/20/2018].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Pam Fuller. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.