Common name: Chum Salmon
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Moyle (1976a); Scott and Crossman (1973); Wydoski and Whitney (1979); Morrow (1980); Eschmeyer et al. (1983); Page and Burr (1991).
Size: 102 cm.
Native Range: Arctic and Pacific drainages from Anderson and Mackenzie rivers, Northwest Territories, through much of Alaska south to Sacramento River drainage, California; rarely to San Lorenzo River, southern California. Also in northeastern Asia (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Oncorhynchus keta are found here.
Table last updated 2/27/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Authorized stockings took place in the 1930s and 1940s. The stocking in Idaho took place in 1939 (Linder 1963). The stocking in Maine took place in 1938 (Everhart 1950). The Michigan stocking occurred in 1945 (Emery 1985).
Status: Stocking attempts failed to generate reproducing populations.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
Revision Date: 4/20/2006
Peer Review Date: 4/20/2006
Fuller, P., 2023, Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum in Artedi, 1792): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=907, Revision Date: 4/20/2006, Peer Review Date: 4/20/2006, Access Date: 3/22/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.