Bairdiella icistia
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Bairdiella icistia (Jordan and Gilbert, 1882)

Common name: Bairdiella

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Walker et al. (1961); Page and Burr (1991).

Size: 30 cm.

Native Range: Marine. Pacific Coast south from Almejas Bay, east of Isla Santa Margarita, Baja California (Page and Burr 1991).

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Nonindigenous Occurrences: The bairdiella was introduced to the Salton Sea in southern California in 1950 (Walker et al. 1961). It reportedly also was introduced into New Mexico, but has since been extirpated (Sublette et al. 1990).

Means of Introduction: In 1950, 57 bairdiella were stocked in the Salton Sea, California; in 1951, an additional 10 fish were stocked (Walker et al. 1961). By 1953, millions were present. This species was introduced as a sport fish and as forage for another introduced sciaenid, the Orangemouth Corvina Cynoscion xanthulus (Walker et al. 1961).

Status: Bairdiella quickly became established as one of the dominant species found in the Salton Sea, but became extirpated around 2003 due to increasing salinity (Page et al. 2013; J. Crayon, California Department of Fish and Game, personal communication). It is extirpated in New Mexico (Sublette et al. 1990).

Impact of Introduction: Unknown.

Remarks: Sublette et al. (1990) did not provide details concerning the New Mexico introduction.

References: (click for full references)

Courtenay, W.R., Jr., D.A. Hensley, J.N. Taylor, and J.A. McCann. 1984. Distribution of exotic fishes in the continental United States. Pages 41-77 in W.R. Courtenay, Jr., and J.R. Stauffer, Jr., eds. Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

Courtenay, W.R., Jr., D.P. Jennings, and J.D. Williams. 1991. Appendix 2: exotic fishes. Pages 97-107 in Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada, 5th edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 20. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findlay, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden, and J.S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. 7th edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publicatin 34. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Sublette, J.E., M.D. Hatch, and M. Sublette. 1990. The fishes of New Mexico. New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.

Walker, B.W., R.R. Whitney, and G.W. Barlow. 1961. Fishes of the Salton Sea. Pages 77-91 in Walker, B.W., ed. The ecology of the Salton Sea, California, in relation to the sportfishery. Fish Bulletin No. 113. California Department of Fish and Game. Sacramento, CA.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson

Revision Date: 3/5/2014

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2018, Bairdiella icistia (Jordan and Gilbert, 1882): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL,, Revision Date: 3/5/2014, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 1/22/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [1/22/2018].

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