Common name: blacktip grouper
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Dorsal rays XI (15-17); anal rays III (7-8), pectoral rays 18-20; lateral-line scales 49-75. Scale counts and colouration variable within the extensive range -- at least 6 morphologically distinct populations known (Randall and Heemstra 1991; Heemstra and Randall 1993).
Size: 40.0 cm TL; max.weight: 2,000.0 g.
Native Range: Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea and western Indian Ocean to western Australia, and in the Pacfic from Japan and Korea to southern Queensland and Lord Howe Island and eastward to the Pitcairn Islands (Randall and Heemstra 1991; Heemstra and Randall 1993).
In 1958, 51 fish from the Marquesas were stocked in marine waters off the island of Oahu, Hawaii (Maciolek 1984). These fish failed to establish (Mundy 2005).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Epinephelus fasciatus are found here.
Table last updated 5/25/2018
† Populations may not be currently present.
Ecology: Feeds on fishes and crustaceans (e.g., brachyuran crabs). Occurs on coral reefs or rocky substrata over a variety of depths. It is common in shallow water, but also recorded from up to 160 m. From Randall and Heemstra 1991.
Means of Introduction: Intentionally stocked.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall. 1993. FAO Species Catalogue Vol. 16. Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis, No. 125, Vol. 16. Rome, FAO 382 pp.
Mundy, B. C. 2005. Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology, Number 6.
Randall, J. E. and P. C. Heemstra. 1991. Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes, No. 20. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI.
Russell, B.C. and W. Houston. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences 6(1):69-84.
Schofield, P.J., and Fuller, P.
Revision Date: 3/1/2006
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Schofield, P.J., and Fuller, P., 2019, Epinephelus fasciatus (Forsskål, 1775): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=967, Revision Date: 3/1/2006, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 9/18/2019
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.