Common name: emperor snapper
Synonyms and Other Names: red emperor, red emperor snapper
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Dorsal fin XI (15-16); anal fin III (10). Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped.
Size: to 116 cm fork length, 32.7 kg (Froese and Pauly 2006).
Native Range: Indo-West Pacific from South Africa and the Red Sea to Indonesia, southeastern Australia, the Philippines and southern Japan (Mundy 2005).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
A single large juvenile was captured with a crab trap at 45 m outside Waimea Bay, O'ahu, Hawaii in March 2002 (Mundy 2005). A dead individual was recovered from the Cedar River, near Vinton, Iowa.
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Lutjanus sebae are found here.
Table last updated 5/25/2018
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Although it is possible the Hawaiian specimen was a waif from Japan, it is more likely that it was an aquarium release. The Iowa specimen is surely an aquarium release.
Status: Collected in Hawaii and Iowa.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Eds. 2006. Fishbase. http://www.fishbase.com
Mundy, B. C. 2005. Checklist of the Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology, No. 6.
Revision Date: 3/3/2006
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Schofield, P.J., 2019, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier, 1816): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=2589, Revision Date: 3/3/2006, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 2/20/2019
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.