The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Palaemonetes kadiakensis
Palaemonetes kadiakensis
(Mississippi Grass Shrimp)
Native Transplant
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Palaemonetes kadiakensis (M. J. Rathbun, 1902)

Common name: Mississippi Grass Shrimp

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Size: up to 50 mm in length (Pennak 1989)

Native Range: This shrimp ranges from northeastern Mexico, Mississippi River north to the Great Lakes and east to Florida (see Page, 1985; Fig. 87, p. 360). It is sporadic in the central US, west of the Allegheny Mountains, and from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada (Pennak 1989).

US auto-generated map Legend USGS Logo
Alaska auto-generated map
Hawaii auto-generated map
Caribbean auto-generated map
Puerto Rico &
Virgin Islands
Guam auto-generated map
Guam Saipan
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Palaemonetes kadiakensis are found here.

StateYear of earliest observationYear of last observationTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
California201220173San Diego; San Joaquin Delta; Upper Cosumnes
Idaho201720171Lower Boise
Kansas198019872Ninnescah; Upper Verdigris
Ohio200620102Little Scioto-Tygarts; Upper Ohio-Shade
Pennsylvania200620072Lower Monongahela; Upper Monongahela
West Virginia201020101Upper Ohio-Shade

Table last updated 5/25/2018

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Unknown, could be a natural range expansion.

References: (click for full references)

Page, L. M. 1985. The crayfishes and shrimps (decapods) of Illinois. Ill. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull., 33(4):335-447.

Pennak, R. W. 1989. Fresh-water invertebrates of the United States, 3rd ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Author: Benson, A.J.

Revision Date: 3/12/2013

Citation Information:
Benson, A.J., 2019, Palaemonetes kadiakensis (M. J. Rathbun, 1902): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=2620, Revision Date: 3/12/2013, Access Date: 6/18/2019

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2019]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/18/2019].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.