References: (click for full references)
Aieta, A.E., and K. Oliveira. 2009. Distribution, prevalence, and intensity of the swim bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus in New England and eastern Canada. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 84:229-235. http://www.int-res.com/articles/dao2009/84/d084p229.pdf.
Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission. 2000. Interstate Fishery Management Plan for American Eel: Fishery Management Report No. 36. Prepared by the American Eel Plan Development Team And Approved by the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission. http://www.asmfc.org/uploads/file/amEelFMP.pdf
Baensch, H.A., and R. Riehl. 1995. Aquarien Atlas. Band 4. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde, Melle, Germany. 864 p.
Baras, E., D. Jeandrain, B. Serouge, and J.C. Philippart. 1998. Seasonal variations in time and space utilization by radio-tagged yellow eels Anguilla anguilla (L.) in a small stream. Hydrobiologia 371-372: 187-198.
Barse, A.M., and D.H. Secor. 1999. An exotic nematode parasite of the American eel. Fisheries 24(2):6-10.
Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.
Busch, W.N., D.H. Davies, and S.J. Nepszy. 1977. Establishment of white perch, Morone americana, in Lake Erie. Journal Fisheries Research Board Canada 34(7): 1039-1041.
Casselman, J.M. 2003. Dynamics of resources of the American eel, Anguilla rostrata: declining abundance in the 1990s. Chapter 18 pp. 255-274. In K. Aida, K. Tsukamoto, K. Yamauchi (editors). Eel Biology, Springer-Verlag Tokyo.
Casselman, J and D. Cairns [eds] 2009. Eels at the Edge: Science, Status, and Conservation Concerns American Fisheries Society Symposium 58, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, 2009.
Castonguay, M., P.V. Hodson, C.M. Couillard, M.J. Eckersley, J.D. Dutil, and G. Verreault. 1994. Why is recruitment of the American eel, Anguilla rostrata, declining in the St. Lawrence River and Gulf? Canadian Journal of Fisheries Aquatic Science 51: 479-488.
Cochran, P.A. 1981. An unusually small American eel (Anguilla rostrata) from the Lake Superior drainage. Canadian Field-Naturalist 95: 97-98.
Cooper, E. L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PA.
COSEWIC 2006. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the American eel Anguilla rostrata in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. x + 71 pp. (www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm).
Cudmore-Vokey, B. and E.J. Crossman. 2000. Checklists of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes and their connecting channels. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2500: v + 39p.
Facey, D.E., and M.J. van den Avyle. 1987. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic) - American eel. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 82 (11.74). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, TR EL-82-4. 28 pp.
Fahay, M.P. 1978. Biological and fisheries data on American eel, Anguilla rostrata (LeSueur). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Northeast Fisheries Center Sandy Hook Laboratory Technical Series Report 17.
Fries, L.T., D.L. Williams, and S.K. Johnson. 1996. Occurrence of Anguillicola crassus, an exotic parasitic swimbladder nematode of eels, in the southeastern United States. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 125(5): 794–797.
Gerking, S. D. 1945. Distribution of the fishes of Indiana. Investigations of Indiana Lakes and Streams 3:1-137.
Goode, G.B. 1884-87. The fisheries and fishery industries of the United State. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Hardy, Jr., J.D. 1978. Development of Fishes of the Mid-Atlantic Bight: An Atlas of Egg, Larval, and Juvenile Stages. Volume II – Anguillidae thorough Syngnathidae. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. 458 pp.
Haro, A., W. Richkus, K. Whalen, A. Hoar, W. Dieter Busch, S. Lary, T. Brush, and D. Dixon. 2000. Population decline of the American eel: implications for research and management. Fisheries 25(9): 7-16.
Hill, L.G. 1969. Reactions of the American eel to dissolved oxygen tensions. The Texas Journal of Science 20(4):305-313.
Hoffman, G.L. 1967. Parasites of North American freshwater fishes. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
Kennedy, C.R., and D.J. Fitch. 1990. Colonization, larval survival and epidemiology of the nematode Anguillicola crassus, parasitic in the eel, Anguilla anguilla, in Britain. Journal of Fish Biology 36:117-131.
Knopf, K., J. Würtz, B. Sures, and H. Taraschewski. 1998. Impact of low water temperature on the development of Anguillicola crassus in the final host Anguilla anguilla. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 33:143-149.
Kuwahara, A., A. Niimi, and H. Itagaki. 1974. Studies on the nematode parasitic on the air bladder of eel. I. Description of Anguillicola crassa N. Sp. (Philometridae, Anguillicolidae). Japanese Journal of Parasitology 23:275-279.
Lee, D.S. 1980. Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur), American eel. pp. 59 in D. S. Lee, et al. Atlas of North American Freshwater Fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, i-r+854 pp.
Lookabaugh, P.S., and P.L. Angermeier. 1992. Diel patterns of American eel, Anguilla rostrata, in the James River Drainage, Virginia. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 7(4):425-431.
MacGregor, R., L. Greig, J.M. Dettmers, W.A. Allen, T. Haxton, J.M. Casselman, and L. McDermott. 2011. American Eel in Ontario: Past and Present Abundance, Principles, Approaches, Biological Feasibility, and Importance of Recovery. Version 5.1; February 2, 2011.
Mandrak, N.E. 2009. Fish fauna of Lake Superior: past, present, and future. Pages 645-663 in Munawar, M., and I.F. Munawar, eds. State of Lake Superior. Michigan State University Press. East Lansing, MI.
McCosker, J. E. 1989. Freshwater eels (family Anguillidae) in California: current conditions and future scenarios. California Fish and Game 75(1):4-10.
Minckley, W. L. 1973. Fishes of Arizona. Arizona Fish and Game Department. Sims Printing Company, Inc., Phoenix, AZ.
Meffe, G.K., and A.L. Sheldon. 1988. The influence of habitat structure on fish assemblage composition in southeastern blackwater streams. American Midland Naturalist 120(2):225-240.
Miller, R.R. 2005. Freshwater fishes of México. The University of Chicago Press. 490 p.
Milner, J.W. 1874. Report on the propagation of the shad (Alosa sapidissima) and its introduction into new waters by the U.S. Fish Commissioner in 1873. Part XIX Report of the Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries for 1872 and 1873: 419-451.
Minckley, W.L. 1973. Fishes of Arizona. Arizona Fish and Game Department. Sims Printing Company, Inc., Phoenix, AZ.
NatureServe. 2010. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer. (Accessed: May 27, 2011).
Newmann, W. 1985. Schwimmblasenparasit Anguillicola bei Aalen. Fischer und Teichwirt 11: 322.
Ogden, J.C. 1970. Relative abundance, food habits, and age of the American eel, Anguilla rostrata (LeSueur), in certain New Jersey streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 99(1):54-59.
Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Paggi, L., P. Orecchia, R. Minervini, and S. Mattiucci. 1982. Sulla comparsa Di Anguillicola Australiensis Johnston E Mawson, 1940 (Dracunculoidea: Anguillicolidae) In Anguilla Anguilla del Lago di Bracciano. Parassitologia 24:140-144.
Phelps, Q.E., J.W. Ridings, and D.P. Herzog. 2014. American Eel population characteristics in the upper Mississippi River. American Midland Naturalist 171:165-171. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1674/0003-0031-171.1.165
Popov, B.H., and J.B. Low. 1953. Game, fur animal, and fish introductions into Utah. Misc. Publication No. 4. Utah State Department of Fish and Game, Salt Lake City, UT.
Ray, M. - Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Austin, TX.
Reid, K. 2001. The decline of American eel (Anguilla rostrata) in the Lake Ontario/St. Lawrence River ecosystem: A modeling approach to identification of data gaps and research priorities. Great Lakes Fishery Commission. Ann Arbor, MI.
Rinne, J.N. 1995. The effects of introduced fishes on native fishes: Arizona, Southwestern United States. Pages 149-159 in Philipp, D.P., J.M. Epifano, J.E. Marsden, J.E. Claassen, and R.J. Wolotina, Jr, eds. Protection of aquatic diversity. Proceedings of the World Fisheries Congress, Theme 3. Oxford & IBH Publishing Company. New Delhi, India.
Royal Ontario Museum Fish Collections. 2011. Royal Ontario Museum Fish Collections - Anguilla rostrata.
Scott, W.B., and E.J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bulletin 184. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Scott, W.B., and M.G. Scott. 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 219:1-731.
Shebley, W.H. 1917. History of the introduction of food and game fishes into the waters of California. California Fish and Game 3(1): 3-12.
Sheldon, W.W. 1974. Elver in Maine: techniques of locating, catching, and holding. Maine Department of Marine Resources, Augusta, ME.
Shepherd, G. 2006. American eel (Anguilla rostrata) status of fishery resources off the northeastern US. NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center. Available: http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/sos/spsyn/op/eel/. (Accessed June 13, 2011).
Shute, P.W. and D.A. Etnier. 2000. Southeastern fishes council regional reports - 2000. Region III - North-Central.
Sigler, F.F., and R.R. Miller. 1963. Fishes of Utah. Utah Department of Fish and Game, Salt Lake City, UT.
Simon, T.P. 1999. Assessment of Balon’s reproductive guilds with application to midwestern North American freshwater fishes. Pages 97-121 in Simon, T.L., ed. Assessing the sustainability and biological integrity of water resources using fish communities. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL.
Skinner, J.E. 1971. Anguilla recorded from California. California Fish and Game 57(1):76-79.
Smith, H.M. 1896. A review of the history and results of the attempts to acclimatize fish and other water animals in the Pacific states. Pages 379-472 in Bulletin of the U.S. Fish Commission, Vol. XV, for 1895.
Smith, C.L. 1997. National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York, NY.
Sokolowski, M.S., and A.D.M. Dove. 2006. Histopathological examination of wild American eels infected with Anguillicola crassus. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 18:257-262.
Trautman, M.B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, OH.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2006. The American Eel: Anguilla rostrata. http://www.fws.gov/northeast/ameel/facts.html. (Accessed: 23 May 2011).
Van den Avyle, M.J. 1984. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic)- American eel. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service FWS/OBS-82/11.24. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, TR EL-82-4. 20 pp.
Ward, R. - Texas Parks and Wildlife, Palacios, TX.
Wielgoss, S., H. Taraschewski, A. Meyer, and T. Wirth. 2008. Population structure of the parasitic nematode Anguillicola crassus, an invader of declining North Atlantic eel stocks. Molecular Ecology 17:3478-3495.
Williamson, G.R., and O. Tabeta. 1991. Search for Anguilla eels on the west coast of North America and on the Aleutian and Hawaiian Islands. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 38(3):315-317.
Zuckerman, L.D., and R.J. Behnke. 1986. Introduced fishes in the San Luis Valley, Colorado. Pages 435-452 in R. H. Stroud, ed. Fish culture in fisheries management. Proceedings of a symposium on the role of fish culture in fisheries management at Lake Ozark, MO, March 31-April 3, 1985. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.