Common name: Whitetail Shiner
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); a commonly used name is Notropis galacturus.
Size: 15 cm.
Native Range: Disjunct range east and west of Former Mississippi Embayment. Cumberland and Tennessee River drainages, Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi; upper Savannah and Santee drainages (Atlantic Slope), North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia; and upper New River drainage, Virginia. St. Francis and White River drainages, Missouri and Arkansas (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Cyprinella galactura are found here.
Table last updated 1/29/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Populations of this species, interpreted as the result of human introductions, were most likely the result of bait bucket releases. Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) believed that the West Virginia population is the result of dispersal downstream from the introduced population in the New River in Virginia.
Status: Established, possibly introduced, in parts of Kentucky, North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Rohde, F. C., R. G. Arndt, J. W. Foltz, and J. M. Quattro. 2009. Freshwater Fishes of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC. 430 pp.
Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller
Revision Date: 1/4/2010
Peer Review Date: 1/4/2010
Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller, 2023, Cyprinella galactura (Cope, 1868): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=517, Revision Date: 1/4/2010, Peer Review Date: 1/4/2010, Access Date: 1/30/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.