Luxilus cerasinus
Luxilus cerasinus
(Crescent Shiner)
Native Transplant
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Luxilus cerasinus (Cope, 1868)

Common name: Crescent Shiner

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Gilbert (1964); Page and Burr (1991); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); another commonly used name is Notropis cerasinus.

Size: 11 cm.

Native Range: Upper and middle Roanoke (and adjacent tributaries of Meherrin River-Chowan River system), and New River drainage, Virginia and North Carolina (Page and Burr 1991).
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Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: This species is known from the Cape Fear drainage in Rockingham and Guilford counties and the Neuse drainage in Person County, North Carolina (Hocutt et al. 1986; Menhinick 1991). It has also been found in the headwaters of the Appomattox River drainage, and in several creeks of the middle and upper James drainages, Virginia (Abbott et al. 1977; Hocutt et al. 1986; Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).

Means of Introduction: Probable bait bucket release in Virginia, possible bait bucket release (or a natural stream capture) in North Carolina. The earliest record for Virginia was from 1965 in the Jennings Creek system of the middle James River drainage (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994). Abbott et al. (1977) stated that the presence of this species in Holiday Creek (Appomattox drainage) probably resulted from a bait bucket release into Holiday Lake, a recreational impoundment.

Status: Established in Virginia (in lower Barbours Creek, James drainage). Reported from North Carolina and from other areas of Virginia.

Impact of Introduction: Unknown.

Remarks: The earliest record from the Cape Fear drainage is from 1959 from the upper Haw system in Virginia; the earliest North Carolina Cape Fear records are from 1968 (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994). In their summary table of Virginia fishes, Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) listed this species as "regarded as introduced, possibly native" for the James River drainage (Atlantic Slope) and the New River drainage (Ohio River basin). Contrary to the opinions of several other authors (i.e., Page and Burr 1991; Jenkins and Burkhead 1994), Gilbert (1980) argued that cerasinus is not native to the New River system of Virginia. He noted that the species was first reported from that system about 40 years ago. Since that time this shiner has exhibited the rapid dispersal and expanded range so typical of other fishes introduced into the New system (Gilbert, personal communication).

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Nico, L.

Revision Date: 7/5/2000

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Nico, L., 2018, Luxilus cerasinus (Cope, 1868): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL,, Revision Date: 7/5/2000, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 1/17/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Page Last Modified: Thursday, January 04, 2018


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [1/17/2018].

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