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The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.




Etheostoma simoterum
Etheostoma simoterum
(Snubnose Darter)
Fishes
Native Transplant
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Etheostoma simoterum (Cope, 1868)

Common name: Snubnose Darter

Synonyms and Other Names: (Tennessee snubnose darter).

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993). Several species were formerly combined with E. simoterum (e.g., E. atripinne), and Powers and Mayden (2007) redescribe the E. simoterum species complex and provide a key to species.

Size: 7.7 cm.

Native Range: Cumberland and Tennessee drainages in Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and Alabama (Page and Burr 1991). However, Menhinick (1991) did not list in North Carolina. The inclusion of North Carolina is probably based on Cope (1870) who listed the species in the state without comment.

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Hawaii
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Puerto Rico &
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Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: Hocutt et al. (1986) listed this species as probably introduced into the Kanawha (New) drainage above the falls. This drainage occurrs in Virginia and West Virginia. However, Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) list this species as native, but possibly introduced into the New drainage and to the Big Sandy drainage in Virginia. Stauffer et al. (1995) listed this species as probably present, expected, and possibly introduced into the Kanawha above the falls in West Virginia. Page and Burr (1991) also do not include the Kanawha drainage (part of the Ohio basin) in their description of the species' range. They restrict the range to only the Tennessee drainage.

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Etheostoma simoterum are found here.

StateYear of earliest observationYear of last observationTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
Virginia199920072Middle New; Upper Levisa
West Virginia198619862Big Sandy; Kanawha

Table last updated 10/4/2018

† Populations may not be currently present.


Means of Introduction: Unknown.

Status: Established in Virginia. Unknown in West Virginia.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: None.

References: (click for full references)

Cope, E.D. 1870. Partial synopsis of the fishes of the fresh waters of North Carolina. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 11:448-495.

Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tenneessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.

Hocutt, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the central Appalachians and central Atlantic Coastal Plain. 161-212 in C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater Fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 227 pp.

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Guide Series, vol. 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Powers, S.L., and R.L. Mayden. 2007. Systematics, evolution and biogeography of the Etheostoma simoterum species complex (Percidae: subgenus Ulocentra). Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History 25:1-23.

Stauffer, J.R., Jr., J.M. Boltz, and L.R. White. 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. West Virginia Department of Natural Resources.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson

Revision Date: 4/30/2018

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2018, Etheostoma simoterum (Cope, 1868): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=817, Revision Date: 4/30/2018, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 12/13/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Page Last Modified: Wednesday, October 24, 2018

Disclaimer:

The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [12/13/2018].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Pam Fuller. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.