The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Sander canadensis × vitreus
Sander canadensis × vitreus
Native Hybrid

Copyright Info
Sander canadensis × vitreus

Common name: Saugeye

Native Range:
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Sander canadensis × vitreus are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
AR199219922Lower Little Arkansas, Oklahoma; Strawberry
CO199320099Fountain; Huerfano; Middle South Platte-Cherry Creek; Middle South Platte-Sterling; Purgatoire; Upper Arkansas; Upper Arkansas-John Martin Reservoir; Upper Arkansas-Lake Meredith; Upper South Platte
IL199219921Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake
IN199719972Silver-Little Kentucky; St. Joseph
IA198619975Coon-Yellow; Middle Des Moines; Nodaway; North Skunk; Thompson
KY197919971Upper Cumberland-Lake Cumberland
MI199719971St. Joseph
MT199520076Big Horn Lake; Fort Peck Reservoir; Milk; Missouri-Poplar; Upper Missouri; Upper Yellowstone-Pompeys Pillar
NE197419995Big Papillion-Mosquito; Middle Big Blue; Middle Platte-Buffalo; Missouri Region; Salt
ND197519995Lake Sakakawea; Lower Heart; Lower Little Missouri; Painted Woods-Square Butte; Upper Pembina River
OH1981200018Auglaize; Hocking; Licking; Little Miami; Little Scioto-Tygarts; Lower Maumee; Lower Scioto; Mahoning; Mohican; Muskingum; Paint; Raccoon-Symmes; Tiffin; Tuscarawas; Upper Great Miami, Indiana, Ohio; Upper Ohio-Shade; Upper Scioto; Wills
OK197720203Black Bear-Red Rock; Little; Lower Cimarron
SD1994200115Elm; Fort Randall Reservoir; Grand; Lewis and Clark Lake; Little White; Lower Belle Fourche; Lower Big Sioux; Lower Cheyenne; Lower Lake Oahe; Lower Moreau; Middle Big Sioux; Middle James; Missouri Region; Snake; Upper James
TN198319983Lower Clinch; Upper Duck; Watts Bar Lake
TX199320146Cibolo; Upper Angelina; Upper Clear Fork Brazos; Upper North Fork Red; White Oak Bayou; Wichita
WV199519954Little Kanawha; Little Muskingum-Middle Island; Twelvepole; Upper Ohio-Shade

Table last updated 7/24/2024

† Populations may not be currently present.

* HUCs are not listed for states where the observation(s) cannot be approximated to a HUC (e.g. state centroids or Canadian provinces).

Impact of Introduction: In Normandy Reservoir, Tennessee, saugeye have been reproducing with each other and backcrossing with walleye, compromising  the genetic integrity of the natural walleye population. Walleye require specific habitat conditions for spawning and are often displaced by saugeye spawning in the same area. High numbers of saugeye could reduce populations of other gamefish (centrarchids) from which they readily consume (Fiss et al. 1997).

References: (click for full references)

Fiss, F.C., S.M. Sammons, P.W. Bettoli, and N. Billington. 1997. Reproduction among saugeyes (Fx hybrids) and walleyes in Normandy Reservoir, Tennessee. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17: 215-219.

Rasmussen, J.L. 1998. Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin. 60th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Aquatic Nuisance Species Symposium, Dec. 7, 1998, Cincinnati, OH.

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 2001. Fish Records: Water Body - All Tackle. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. April 24, 2001

Author: Cannister, M.

Revision Date: 5/21/2013

Peer Review Date: 5/21/2013

Citation Information:
Cannister, M., 2024, Sander canadensis × vitreus: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=829, Revision Date: 5/21/2013, Peer Review Date: 5/21/2013, Access Date: 7/25/2024

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [7/25/2024].

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For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.