Common name: Shortnose Gar
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Suttkus (1963); Becker (1983); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993).
Size: 83 cm
Native Range: Mississippi River basin from southcentral Ohio, northern Indiana and Wisconsin to Montana and south to northern Alabama and Louisiana (Page and Burr 1991).
Puerto Rico &
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Lepisosteus platostomus are found here.
Table last updated 10/4/2018
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: This species likely reached Lake Winnebago via the Wisconsin-Fox Canal, a canal connection from the Mississippi River basin to the Fox River in the Great Lakes basin (Priegel 1963).
Status: Established in Wisconsin (Becker 1983; Page and Burr 1991).
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI. 1052 pp. Available: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/EcoNatRes.FishesWI
Clearwater, S.J., C.W. Hickey, and M.L. Martin. 2008. Overview of potential piscicides and molluscicides for controlling aquatic pest species in New Zealand. Science & Technical Publishing, New Zealand Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand.
Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The Fishes of Tennessee. The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN. 681 pp.
Evermann, B.W., and E.L. Goldsborough. 1902. Notes on the fishes and mollusks of Lake Chautauqua, New York. Report of U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries 27:169-175.
GLMRIS. 2012. Appendix C: Inventory of Available Controls for Aquatic Nuisance Species of Concern, Chicago Area Waterway System. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Priegel, G.R. 1963. Dispersal of the shortnose gar, Lepisosteus platostomus, into the Great Lakes drainage. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 92(2):178.
Scott, W.B., and E.J. Crossman. 1998. Freshwater Fishes of Canada. Galt House Publications Ltd., Ontario. 966 pp.
Suttkus, R.D. 1963. Order Lepisostei, pp. 61-88. in: Bigelow et al. (eds.) Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Soft-rayed Bony Fishes, Vol. 1, pt. 3. Memoir, Sears Foundation of Marine Research, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Fuller, P., J. Larson, T.H. Makled, and A. Fusaro
Revision Date: 8/2/2013
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Fuller, P., J. Larson, T.H. Makled, and A. Fusaro, 2019, Lepisosteus platostomus Rafinesque, 1820: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?speciesid=757, Revision Date: 8/2/2013, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 1/21/2019
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.