Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
13490 ReportCourtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.D. Williams.2004Snakeheads (Pisces: Channidae): A biological synopsis and risk assessment. Circular 1251.
13715 Journal ArticleCourtenay, W.R., Jr., J.D. Williams, R. Britz, M.N. Yamamoto, and P.V. Loiselle2004Identity of introduced snakeheads (Pisces, Channidae) in Hawai'i and Madagascar, with comments on ecological concerns.
690 Conference ProceedingsDevick, W.S.1991Pattern of introductions of aquatic organisms to Hawaii freshwater habitats.
672 Book ChapterMaciolek, J.A.1984Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania.
14006 NewsSakamoto, M.2002Deadly nymphs.
26618 Journal ArticleScott, D., J.W. Moore, L. Herborg, C.C. Murray, and N.R. Serrao2013A non-native snakehead fish in British Columbia, Canada: capture, genetics, isotopes, and policy consequences.
20915 DatabaseSmithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History.2011National Museum of Natural History Vertebrate Zoology Ichthyology Collection


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2021]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [4/22/2021].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.