Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Apalone spinifera listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
31633 Journal Article Bolton, R. M., and R. J. Brooks. 2010. Impact of the seasonal invasion of Phragmites australis (Common Reed) on turtle reproductive success. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 9(2):238-243.
18963 Journal Article Bradley W.G., and J.E. Deacon. 1966. Amphibians and reptile records for southern Nevada. The Southwestern Naturalist 11(1):132-134.
36714 Journal Article Braun, A.P., and Q.E. Phelps. 2016. Habitat use by five turtle species in the middle Mississippi River. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 15(1):62-68.
15915 News Brennan, P. 2006. O.C. Turtles Crowded Out. The Orange County Resister. July 14, 2006.
15817 Book Brennan, T.C., and A.T. Holycross. 2006. A Field Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles in Arizona. Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, AZ.
28385 Journal Article Brown, G.J III. 2015. Apalone spinifera (Spiny Softshell Turtle). Herpetological Review 46(4):563.
704 Book Cardoza, J.E., G.S. Jones, T.W. French, and D.B. Halliwell. 1993. Exotic and translocated vertebrates of Massachusetts. Fauna of Massachusetts Series No. 6. 2nd edition. Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough, MA.
31609 Web Page Colorado Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation. 2015. Spiny Softshell, Apalone spinifera. Created on 01/27/2015. Accessed on 07/18/2018.
12138 Journal Article Conant, R. 1961. The softshell turtle, Trionyx spinifer, introduced and established in New Jersey. Copeia 1961(3):355-356.
700 Book Conant, R., and J.T. Collins. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Volume 12. Houghton Mifflin Co, Boston.
18961 Journal Article Cowles, R.B., and C.M. Bogert. 1936. The herpetology of the Boulder Dam region (Nev., Ariz., Utah). Herpetologica 1(2):33-42.
12141 Journal Article Ernst, C.H., S.C. Belfit, S.W. Sekscienski, and A.F. Laemmerzahl. 1997. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Ft. Belvoir and Northern Virginia. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Sociey 33(1):1-62.
31594 Web Page Franklin, C. J. 2018. Texas Turtles. Accessed on 07/17/2018.
15912 Book Chapter Gessner, J., and E. Stiles. 2001. Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of New Jersey (Turtles). Page 8 pp in New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection; Division of Fish & Wildlife Endangered & Nongame Species Program.
31635 Journal Article Kopeck√Ĺ, O., L. Kalous, and J. Patoka. 2013. Establishment risk from pet-trade freshwater turtles in the European Union. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems 410(2):02p1-02p11.
18906 Journal Article Lindsdale, J.M. 1940. Amphibians and Reptiles in Nevada. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 73(8):197-257.
27545 Report Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. 2013. Walden planning unit including Walden Pond State Reservation: Resource Management Plan. Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, Bonstan, MA.
36359 Journal Article McAllister, C. T., and H.W. Robison. 2019. Haemogregarina sp.(Apicomplexa: Eucoccidiorida: Adeleorina) from Eastern Spiny Softshell, Apalone spinifera spinifera (Testudines: Trionychidae), from Arkansas. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science 73(1):141-142.
28936 News McKay, D. 2016. Invasive species of turtle spotted in western Massachusetts. WWLP-22News. Created on 08/02/2016. Accessed on 08/05/2016.
31602 Web Page Michigan Herp Atlas. 2018. Spiny Softshell (Apalone spinifera). Accessed on 07/18/2018.
12139 Journal Article Miller, R.R. 1946. The probable origin of the soft-shelled turtle in the Colorado River basin. Copeia 1946(1):46.
31595 Report Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2011. Protect our turtles. State of Minnesota, Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, MN. file:///U:/NAS/TURTLEs/Spiny%20softshell/turtle_poster_MN.pdf.
21077 Journal Article Mitchell, J.C., B.W. Steury, K.A. Buhlmann, P.P. van Dijk. 2007. Chinese softshell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) in the Potomac River and notes on Eastern spiny softshells (Apalone spinifera) in Northern Virginia. Banisteria 30:41-43.
31606 Web Page Montana Field Guide. 2018. Spiny Softshell - Apalone spinifera. Accessed on 07/18/2018.
31533 Journal Article Plummer, M.V., N.E. Mills, and S.L. Allen. 1997. Activity, habitat, and movement patterns of softshell turtles (Trionyx spiniferus) in a small stream. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 2(4):514-520.
17280 Report Schmidt, C.A., C.A. Drost, and W.L. Halvorson. 2006. Vascular Plant and Vertebrate Inventory of Montezuma Castle National Monument. U S Geological Survey, Southwest Biological Science Center, Sonoran Desert Research Station, University of Arizona.
15913 Journal Article Spinks, P.Q., G.B. Pauly, J.J. Crayon, and H.B. Shaffer. 2003. Survival of the western pond turtle (Emys marmorata) in an urban California environment. Biological Conservation 113(2):257-267.
31608 Web Page University of Nebraska - Lincoln. 2018. Turtle Identification Key- Spiny Softshell Turtle. Accessed on 07/18/2018.
31599 Web Page Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 2018. Spiny Softshell (Apalone spinifera). Accessed on 07/18/2018.
31607 Web Page Wyoming Game and Fish Department. 2017. Eastern Spiny Softshell - Apalone spinifera spinifera. Accessed on 07/18/2018.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [4/15/2024].

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