Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Betta splendens listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
165 Journal Article Courtenay, W.R., Jr., H.F. Sahlman, W.W. Miley II, and D.J. Herrema. 1974. Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida. Biological Conservation 6(4):292-302.
24714 Web Page Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 2012. Nonnative Freshwater Fish.
33179 Journal Article Hammer, M.P., M.N. Skarlatos Simoes, E.W. Needham, D.N. Wilson, M.A. Barton, and D. Lonza. 2019. Establishment of Siamese Fighting Fish on the Adelaide River floodplain: the first serious invasive fish in the Northern Territory, Australia. Biological Invasions 21(7):2269-2279.
16335 Journal Article Lom, J., I. Dykova, K. Tonguthai, and S. Chinabut. 1993. Muscle infection due to Heterosporis sp. in the Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens Regan. Journal of Fish Diseases(16):513-516.
1537 Book Whitworth, W.R. 1996. Freshwater fishes of Connecticut. Bulletin 114. 2nd edition. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Department of Environmental Protection, Hartford, CT.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [12/4/2022].

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For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.