Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Colossoma or Piaractus sp. listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
19011 News 2006. Texas Man Catches Fish With Human-Like Teeth. local6.com. July 19,2006. http://local6.con.
19019 News 2006. Piranha-like fish caught in Utah Lake was a pacu. The Salt Lake Tribune. October 10, 2007. http://www.sltrib.com/utah/ci_4040918.
19006 News 2006. Foreign Creature Found in Cherry Creek Reservoir. The Denver Channel. July 10, 2006. TheDenverChannel.com.
19005 News 2006. RareFishWithTeethCaught InNorth Attleboro. CBS4 Boston. July 27, 2006. http://cbs4boston.com.
19009 News 2005. Frightening fish doesn't have piranha's bite. WMUR. August 9, 2005. http://www.wmur.com/news/4829846/detail.html.
19010 News 2006. Non-native pacu fish caught in Sampit River. Georgetown Times. August 28, 2006.
19117 Report Alaska Department of Fish and Game. 2002. Alaska aquatic nuisance species management plan. Alaska Department of Fish and Game. http://anstaskforce.gov/State%20Plans/ak_ansmp.pdf.
817 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
1926 News Anonymous. 1995. Fisherman pulls piranha from river near Easton. Pocono Record (August 1).
13990 News Anonymous. 1998. Editorial: The river that bites. post-gazette.com. http://www.post-gazette.com/forum/19981007edfish3.asp.
26428 News Anonymous. 2001. Piranha-like fish landed at reservoir. Contra Costa Times. Walnut Creek, CA. http://www.recordnet.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20010727/A_NEWS/307279937. Created on 07/26/2001. Accessed on 08/05/2013.
13974 News Anonymous. 2002. Piranha hauled in from Jasper County pond. http://theIowaChannel.com.
13988 Web Page Anonymous. 2004. Pacu fishing records. http://www.hotspotfishing.com/records/fish-records-Pacu.asp. Accessed on 08/19/2004.
14857 News Arnold, H. 2005. City man pulls S. American fish from Esopus Creek. The Daily Freeman. Kingston, NY. http://www.dailyfreeman.com/articles/2005/08/16/top%20stories/15040499.txt. Created on 08/16/2005. Accessed on 08/16/2005.
19007 Web Page Associated Press. 2001. Experts say fish resembling piranha is a pacu. http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/kosu. Created on 07/24/2001. Accessed on 10/10/2006.
26442 News Balde, L. 2012. Fish with human-like teeth caught near Rockford. NBC 5 Chicago. Chicago, IL. http://www.nbcchicago.com/news/local/Fish-With-Human-Like-Teeth-Caught-Near-Rockford-162216095.html. Created on 07/12/2012. Accessed on 08/06/2013.
24118 News Bleech, M. 2010. Exotic fish don't belong in domestic waters. GoErie.com. http://www.goerie.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20100724/NWPAOUT10/307249933/-1/SPORTS.
19018 News Bonisteel, S. 2006. Ferocious-Looking Catch Exposes Perils of Dumping Aquatic Pets Into Wild. Fox News.com. August 15, 2006. http://www.foxnews.com/printer_friendly_story/0,3566,207878,00.html.
14820 Web Page Bowser, J., and R. Leighton. 2000. WCO Report for Nov 2000: Erie area, Erie, PA. http://www.fishlakeerie.com/reports/messages-pa/707.html. Created on 10/24/2000.
14299 News Brasher, B. 2005. A fishy story. Ledger Enquirer. March 05, 2005. http://www.ledger-enquirer.com/mld/ledgerenquirer/11056617.htm.
25706 Web Page Bureau of Reclamation. 2009. Native Aquatic Species of the Gila River Basin in Arizona and New Mexico - Results of Fish Monitoring on Selected Waters of the Gila River Basin. http://www.usbr.gov/lc/phoenix/biology/azfish/monlisting.html. Accessed on 02/05/2013.
17246 News Carr, S.L. 2008. Angler reels in a non-native pacu from Withlacoochee. Ocala.com. January 18. http://www.ocala.com/article/20080118/NEWS/801180332/1001/NEWS01 (accessed 1/22/08).
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. https://www.eddmaps.org/tools/query/. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
25730 Report Clarkson, R.S., B.R. Kesner, and P.C. Marsh. 2011. Long-term monitoring plan for fish populations in selected waters of the Gila River Basin, Arizona. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Arizona Ecological Services, Phoenix, Arizona. http://www.usbr.gov/lc/phoenix/biology/azfish/pdf/MonitoringPlan2011revReport.pdf.
14798 Report Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and D.A. Hensley. 1980. Survey of introduced non-native fishes. Phase I Report: Introduced exotic fishes in North America: status 1979. Submitted to National Fishery Research Laboratory, USFWS, Gainesville, FL.
10 Book Chapter Courtenay, W.R., Jr., D.A. Hensley, J.N. Taylor, and J.A. McCann. 1984. Distribution of exotic fishes in the continental United States. Pages 41-77 in Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.R. Stauffer, Jr, eds. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD.
459 Book Chapter Courtenay, W.R., Jr., D.P. Jennings, and J.D. Williams. 1991. Appendix 2: Exotic fishes. Pages 97-107 in Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott, eds. Common names and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. 5th edition. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.
165 Journal Article Courtenay, W.R., Jr., H.F. Sahlman, W.W. Miley II, and D.J. Herrema. 1974. Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida. Biological Conservation 6(4):292-302.
27253 Journal Article Cove, M.V., and A.S. Maurer. 2015. The Snapping Turtle, Chelydra serpentina (Linnaeus 1758) (Testudines: Chelydridae), in the Florida Keys. International Reptile Conservation Foundation Reptiles & Amphibians 22(1):38-39.
14858 Web Page Dick, D. 2005. anyone experiment with PACU fish in their ponds?
18857 Database Florida Museum of Natural History. 2009. Ichthyology Collection database. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. http://specifyportal.flmnh.ufl.edu/fishes/.
18999 News Fundingsland, K. 2006. South American freshwater fish caught at Patterson Lake. The Minot Daily News. August 31, 2006. http://www.minotdailynews.com/News/articles.asp?articleID=5214. Created on 08/31/2006. Accessed on 08/31/2006.
19003 News Godwin, J. 2006. Exotic. The Herald Democrat. October 10, 2006. http://www.heralddemocrat.com.
26431 News Greenberg, D. 1997. Report of piranha just a fish story. Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, CA. http://articles.latimes.com/1997-06-28/local/me-7651_1_fishing-line. Created on 06/28/1997. Accessed on 08/05/2013.
14310 News Gregory, T. 2004. Fish story has exotic angle. Chicago Tribune. September 30, 2004.
26509 News Holsinger, R. 2008. Pacu, fishy relative of piranha, caught in Terry's Lake. Scottsbluff Star-Herald. Scottsbluff, NE. http://www.starherald.com/news/local_news/pacu-fishy-relative-of-piranha-caught-in-terry-s-lake/article_edf453dc-c037-50da-a115-9dbe1a447c00.html. Created on 09/15/2008. Accessed on 08/16/2013.
7 Report Howells, R.G., R.L. Benefield, and J.M. Mambretti. 1991. Records of pacus (Colossoma spp.) and piranhas (Serrasalmus spp.) in Texas. Management Data Series No. 70. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Fisheries Division, Austin, TX.
706 Book Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
19004 News Lamb, B. 2006. Wrong type fish biting: man catches exotic pacu from Black River. La Crosse Tribune. La Crosse, WI. http://lacrossetribune.com/news/wrong-type-fish-biting-man-catches-exotic-pacu-from-black/article_c54140fe-3ca1-56f2-a315-633d7373c9bd.html. Created on 07/14/2006. Accessed on 02/26/2010.
804 News Lee, M.C. 1991. Angler hooks toothy catch. The Daily News. Jacksonville, NC. October (18):2 pp.
14855 News Low, J. 2003. News & Almanac: A year for big and unusual fish. Missouri Department of Conservation. 64 (11):30. http://mdc.mo.gov/conmag/2003/11/news-and-almanac.
19013 News Lucariello, K. 2006. Toothy fish caught on White River is piranha cousin. Carroll County News. July 13, 2006. http://www.eurekaspringstimesecho.com/articles/2006/07/13/news/mw1.txt.
1924 News Marchand, N. 1998. Regional news: settling in. Outdoor Life Magazine. 201 (3):96.
1211 News Massette, B. 1993. Florida's next game fish -- the pacu? Florida Game and Fish. 1993 (2):5 pp.
19002 News Mfatteson, C. 2006. A Brazilizan fish out of water. The Casper Star-Tribune. September 24, 2006. http://trib.com/news/local/article_24801f55-2173-50d0-9b11-01c9763104ec.html.
14856 Report Mississippi Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. 2003. STATE OF THE STATE’S FRESHWATER FISHERIES - 2003.
14434 News Naedele, W.F. 2004. Young fisherman lands exotic keeper. Philadelphia Inquirer. 2004 (July 27). http://www.philly.com/mld/inquirer/news/local/states/pennsylvania/9249791.htm.
19012 Web Page Niskanen, C. 2006. Lifelong St. Croix River angler reels in a big surprise. http://www.twincities.com/mld/twincities/sports/outdoors/14981106.htm.
15748 News Niskanen, C. 2006. Lifelong St. Croix River angler reels in a big surprise. St. Paul Pioneer Press. St. Paul, MN. July 9:G7.
20908 Database North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences. 2011. North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences - Ichthyology Collection Database. North Carolina Museum of Natural History. http://collections.naturalsciences.org/searchFishes.aspx. Accessed on 02/14/2014.
23896 Database Ohio State University Museum of Zoology. 2019. Ohio State University Museum of Zoology Fish Division - ichthyology collection database. https://fishes.osu.edu. Accessed on 10/04/2019.
1885 Conference Proceedings Rasmussen, J.L. 1998. Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin in 60th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Aquatic Nuisance Species Symposium, Dec 7, 1998, Cincinnati, OH.
26430 News Samuels, A. 1989. Presto! Piranha turns into a pacu. Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, CA. http://articles.latimes.com/1989-10-15/local/me-515_1_pacu-fish. Created on 10/15/1989. Accessed on 08/05/2013.
15741 Report Seng, P., and G. White. 2003. Indiana aquatic nuisance species (ANS) management plan. Indiana Dept of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN.
21063 News Simpson, G. 2001. As scalloping winds down, shrimping picks up. The Gainesville Sun. 8 (24).
26518 Web Page South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. 2006. Non-native Pacu fish caught in Sampit River. http://dnr.sc.gov/news/Yr2006/aug28/aug28_pacu.html. Created on 08/26/2006. Accessed on 08/20/2013.
26429 News Stangel, L. 2007. Hercules angler lands an odd fish. San Jose Mercury News. San Jose, CA. http://www.mercurynews.com/ci_6549664. Created on 08/05/2007. Accessed on 08/05/2013.
489 Journal Article Stroud, R.A. 1976. Ohio piranha. SFI Bulletin 272:3.
19008 News Taylor, F.; Burns, M. 2006. Wildlife experts don't bite on tale of piranha in Lake Gaston. WRAL.com. September 27, 2006. http://www.WRAL.com.
512 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
18148 News Woster, K. 2008. Local angler hooks piranha-like fish in golf course pond. Rapid City Journal. Rapid City, SD. http://rapidcityjournal.com/news/local/local-angler-hooks-piranha-like-fish-in-golf-course-pond/article_3db0b938-409c-586c-83a9-813f4bc16d83.html. Created on 08/18/2008. Accessed on 08/28/2008.
14311 News Wright, C. 2004. Unfamiliar waters. South American fish turns up at Tunnel Mill Dam. Winfield Publishing Co, Inc. September 29, 2004. http://www.winfieldcourier.com/w041001/Wed1.html.
839 News Wright, S. 1995. Piranha or pacu-it's still a whale of a fish tale. Northwest Arkansas Times. Fayetteville, AR. 6 (7):B6.



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The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2020]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [11/30/2020].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.