Reference Viewer


Cut-and-Paste Reference:
Smith, L. 1978. Development of the emergent vegetation in a tropical marsh (Kawainui, I'ohu). Newsletter of the Hawaiian Botanical Society 17(1/2):2-27.
Reference Details:
Reference Number: 10353
Type: Journal Article
Author: Smith, L.
Date (year): 1978
Article Title:Development of the emergent vegetation in a tropical marsh (Kawainui, I'ohu).
Journal Name: Newsletter of the Hawaiian Botanical Society
Volume: 17
Issue: 1/2
Pages: 2-27
URL:
Keywords: Hawaii, Pistia, Eichhornia, Brachiaria, Ipomoea, Spirodela, Monochoria, Ceratopteris
Species Profiles and Specimens that use this Reference:

Ceratopteris thalictroides

    HI - Kawainui Marsh, in Maunawili Valley between the foothills of the Koolau Mountains and Kailua Bay on windward Oahu

Ipomoea aquatica

    HI - Kawainui Marsh, in the Maunawili Valley between the foothills of the Ko'olau Mountains and the Kailua Bay, Oahu

Landoltia punctata

    HI - Kawainui Marsh, in the Maunawili Valley between the foothills of the Ko'olau Mountains and the Kailua Bay.

Pistia stratiotes

    HI - Kawainui swamp/marsh near Kailua Bay

Pontederia crassipes

    HI - Kawainui Marsh, Maunawili Valley, between foothills of Ko'olau Mountains and Kailua Bay


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2021]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [4/19/2021].

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