NAS logo - click to go to the NAS home page Aquatic reptiles (Phylum Chordata, Class Reptilia) are found in marine, brackish, and freshwater environments. Introductions of over 40 reptile species are described herein, most result from privately or commercially owned animals that were released or escaped. Potential impacts of a nonindigenous species can include displacement, reduction, or extinction of native species. An introduced species may be collected and fully eradicated, may fail to become established due ecological or climatic forces, or may become established. For example, isolated observations of cottonmouths, Agkistrodon piscivorus (pic 89k), and an alligator snapping turtle, Macrochelys temminckii (pic 62k) are believed to be waif introductions of released or escaped pets. The spectacled caiman, Caiman crocodilus (pic 151k), is native to Central and South America and is now established in south Florida; a result of numerous intentional releases or pet escapes dating back to the 1960s. Red-eared sliders, Trachemys scripta elegans (pic 68k), have become established in several areas of the country due to pet releases. Presently any impact effects are unknown. Query the U.S. Geological Survey database to find range maps, photos and profiles for a variety of nonindigenous aquatic species.
We welcome any contributions or comments you may have.

Data Queries and Species Lists

Turtle Picture Data Queries
Species List of Nonindigenous Reptiles
(links to species profiles and collection information)

Links to News and Other Information

Turtles battle for Marin turf: Native western pond species being driven out (5/17/2004)
Burmese Pythons Invade the Florida Everglades (The Miami Herald)
Hawai'i on Snake Watch After Guam Typhoon (The Honolulu Advertiser)
Chicago Herpetological Society
Florida's Exotic Wildlife
Florida Museum of Natural History - Herpetology
HEAR - Alien Species in Hawaii
Herps of Texas
Impacts of Nonindigenous Reptiles
Invasive Reptile Species of Nebraska
Maine Herp Society
Pet Reptile Laws (University of Georgia)
Reptiles of Georgia
Amphibians and Reptiles of Illinois
California's Reptiles
Checklist of Kansas Amphibians and Reptiles
Amphibians and Reptiles (USGS)
Green Iguana Society - Feral Iguanas

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Page Contact Information: Pam Fuller - NAS Program (
Page Last Modified: Wednesday, March 14, 2018


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [12/12/2018].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Pam Fuller. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.