† Populations may not be currently present.
References: (click for full references)
Christiansen, M.E. 1969. Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura. Marine Invertebrates of Scandinavia. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo. 143 pp.
Costlow, J.D., Jr., C.G. Bookhout, and R. Monroe. 1966. Studies on the larval development of the crab, Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould). The effect of salinity and temperature on larval development. Physiological Zoology 39(2):81-100.
Aquatic Invaders, Elkhorn Slough Foundation. http://www.elkhornslough.org/research/aquaticinvaders/aquatic10.htm
Gadzhiev, D.V. 1963. Dutch crab in the Caspian Sea. (Gollandskii krab v Kaspiiskom more.) Priroda 10:126.
Howells, R. 2001. Introduced non-native fishes and shellfishes in Texas waters: an updated list and discussion. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Management Data Series 188.
Keith, D. E. 2005. Occurrence of the estuarine mud crab, Rhithropanopeus harrisii, in Texas reservoirs. http://www.tarleton.edu/~biology/MudCrab.html
Mizzan, L. and L. Zanella. 1996. First record of Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould, 1841) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Xanthidae) in the Italian waters. Bolletino del Museo civico di Storio naturale di Venezia 46:109-120.
Payen, G.G. and J.R. Bonami. 1979. Mise en evidence de particles d'allure virale associees aux noyaux des cellules mesodermiques de la zone germinative testiculaire du crabe Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould) (Brachyura, Xanthidae). Rev. Trav. Inst. Pech. Marit. 43:361-365.
Petersen, C. 2002. Characterization of larval dispersal within the California Current by two estuarine crabs. Abstract, Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting.
Rathbun, M.J. 1930. The cancroid crabs of America of the families Euryalidae, Portunidae, Atelecyclidae, Cancridae and Xanthidae. Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum, Bulletin 152:1-609.
Ricketts, E.F. and J.Calvin. 1952. Between Pacific Tides, 3rd edition. Stanford University Press, California. 502 pp.
Turoboyski, K. 1973. Biology and ecology of the crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii spp. tridentatus. Marine Biology 23(4):303-313.
Williams, A.B. 1984. Shrimps, Lobsters, and Crabs of the Atlantic Coast of the Eastern United States, Maine to Florida. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 550 pp.
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.