References: (click for full references)
Aida, M., K. Itoh, H. Ikeda, N. Harada, Y. Ishi, and K. Usui. 2004. Susceptibilities of some aqautic ferns to paddy herbicide bensulfuron methyl. Weed Biology and Management 4:127—135.
Benson, A. J., C.C. Jacono, P.L. Fuller, E. R. McKercher., and M. M. Richerson. 2004. Summary Report of Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Region 5. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arlington, Va. 145 pp.
Bhadra, S., P.K. Mukherjee, and A. Bandyopadhyay. 2012. Cholinesterase inhibition activity of Marsilea quadrifolia Linn. an edible leafy vegetable form West Bengal, India. Natural Product Research 26(16): 1519—1522.
Campbell, S., P. Higman, B. Slaughter, and E. Schools. 2010. A Field Guide to Invasive Plants of Aquatic and Wetland Habitats for Michigan. Michigan DNRE, Michigan State University Extension, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 90 pp.
Connecticut Aquatic Nuisance Species Working Group. 2006. Connecticut Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan. State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. 117 pp.
Dewanji, A., S. Matai, L. Si, S. Barik, and A. Nag. 1993. Chemical composition of two semi-aquatic plants for food use. Plants Foods for Human Nutrition 44(1): 11—16
Falck, M. and S. Garske. 2003. Invasive Non-native Plant Management During 2002. Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC), Odanah, WI. 68 pp.
Flora of North America. 2008. www.eFloras.org
Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species (GLPANS). 2008. Prohibitied Species in the Great Lakes Region. 14 pp.
Henry, R.D. 1983. Spread of Marsilea quadrifolia in McDonough County, Illinois. Amer. Fern J. 73: 30.
Henry, R. D. and R. M. Myers. 1983. Spread of Marsilea quadrifolia in McDonough County, Illinois. American Fern Journal 73(1): 30
Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 1996. Minnesota's List of Endangered, Threatened, and Special Concern Species. 16 pp.
Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 2013. Illinois Exotic Species: waterclover Marsilea quadrifolia http://www.dnr.state.il.us/education/exoticspecies/waterclover.htm. 8 April 2013.
Jacono, C.C and Johnson, D.M. 2006. Water-clover Ferns, Marsilea, in the Southeastern United States. Castanea 71 (1): 1–14.
Johnson, D. M. 1986. Systematics of the New World species of Marsilea (Marsileaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 11: 1-87.
Kao, W.-K. and B.-L. Lin. 2010. Phototropic leaf movements and photosynthetic performance in an amphibious fern, Marsilea quadrifolia. Journal of Plant Research 123(5): 645—653.
Liu, L. B.-L. 1984. Abscisic acid induces land form characteristics in Marsilea quadrifolia L. American Journal of Botany 71(5): pp. 638—644.
Luo, X.-Y. and H. Ikeda. 2007. Effects of four rice herbicides on the growth of an aquatic fern, Marsilea quadrifolia L. Weed Biology and Management 7:237—241.
Meyer, B.N., N.R. Ferrigni, J.E. Putnam, J.B. Jacobsen, D.E. Nicholsand and J.L. Mclaughlin, 1982. Brine shrimp; a convenient general bioassay for activeplant constituents. Planta Medica 45: 31-34.
Mickel, J. T. & A. R. Smith. 2004. The pteridophytes of Mexico. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 88:1-1054.
Midwest Invasive Plant Network (MIPN.org). 2008. Keep a Look Out for New Aquatic Invasive Plants in the Midwest!, National Park Service. 2 pp.
New York Invasive Species Council. 2010. Final report: a regulatory system for non-native species. Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY. 131 pp.
Ripe, F. A., L. Nahar, M. Haque, and M. M. Islam. 2009. Antibacterial, cytotoxic, and antioxidant activity of crude extract of Marsilea quadrifolia. European Journal of Scientific Research 33(1): 123—129
Sahu, S., G. Dutta, N. Mandal, A.R. Goswami, and T. Ghosh. 2012. Anticonvulsant effect of Marsilea quadrifolia Linn. on pentylenetetrazole induced seizure: a behavioral and EEG study in rats. Journal of Enthnopharmacology 141(1): 537—541.
U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). (2008) Predicting future introductions of nonindigenous species to the Great Lakes. National Center for Environmental Assessment, Washington, DC; EPA/600/R-08/066F. Available from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, and http://www.epa.gov/ncea.
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.